Connect with us


Why Meta’s embrace of a ‘flat’ management structure may not lead to the innovation and efficiency Mark Zuckerberg seeks



Why Meta’s embrace of a ‘flat’ management structure may not lead to the innovation and efficiency Mark Zuckerberg seeks

Big Tech, under pressure from dwindling profits and falling stock prices, is seeking some of that old startup magic.

Meta, the parent of Facebook, recently became the latest of the industry’s dominant players to lay off thousands of employees, particularly middle managers, in an effort to return to a flatter, more nimble organization – a structure more typical when a company is very young or very small.

Meta CEO Mark Zuckerberg joins Elon Musk and other business leaders in betting that eliminating layers of management will boost profits. But is flatter better? Will getting rid of managers improve organizational efficiency and the bottom line?

As someone who has studied and taught organization theory as well as leadership and organizational behavior for nearly a decade, I think it’s not that simple.

Resilient bureaucracies

Since the 1800s, management scholars have sought to understand how organizational structure influences productivity. Most early scholars focused on bureaucratic models that promised managerial authority, rational decision-making and efficiency, impartiality and fairness toward employees.

These centralized bureaucratic structures still reign supreme today. Most of us have likely worked in such organizations, with a boss at the top and clearly defined layers of management below. Rigid, written rules and policies dictate how work is done.

Research shows that some hierarchy correlates with commercial success – even in startups – because adding just one level of management helps prevent directionless exploration of ideas and damaging conflicts among staff. Bureaucracies, in their pure form, are viewed as the most efficient way to organize complex companies; they are reliable and predictable.

See also  Mark Zuckerberg is spending most of his time on A.I., says Meta CTO

While adept at solving routine problems, such as coordinating work and executing plans, hierarchies do less well adapting to rapid changes, such as increased competition, shifting consumer tastes or new government regulations.

Bureaucratic hierarchies can stifle the development of employees and limit entrepreneurial initiative. They are slow and inept at tackling complex problems beyond the routine.

Moreover, they are thought to be very costly. Management scholars Gary Hamel and Michele Zanini estimated in 2016 that waste, rigidity and resistance to change in bureaucratic structures cost the U.S. economy US$3 trillion in lost output a year. That is the equivalent of about 17% of all goods and services produced by the U.S. economy at the time of the study.

Even with the mounting criticisms, bureaucratic structures have shown resilience over time. “The formal managerial hierarchy in modern organizations is as persistent as are calls for its replacement,” Harvard scholars Michael Lee and Amy Edmondson wrote in 2017.

Flatness is a matter of perspective.
AP Photo/Godofredo A. Vásquez

Fascinatingly flat

Flat structures, on the other hand, aim to decentralize authority by reducing or eliminating hierarchy. The structure is harnessed to flexibility and agility rather than efficiency, which is why flat organizations adapt better to dynamic and changing environments.

Flat structures vary. Online retailer Zappos, for example, adopted one of the most extreme versions of the flat structure – known as holacracy – when it eliminated all managers in 2014. Computer game company Valve has a president but no formal managerial structure, leaving employees free to work on projects they choose.

See also  The Biggest Milestones in B2B Social Media [Infographic]

Other companies, such as Gore Tex maker W. L. Gore & Associates and film-streaming service Netflix, have instituted structures that empower employees with wide-reaching autonomy but still allow for some degree of management.

In general, flat structures rely on constant communication, decentralized decision-making and the self-motivation of employees. As a result, flat structures are associated with innovation, creativity, speed, resilience and improved employee morale.

The promises of going flat are understandably enticing, but flat organizations are tricky to get right.

The list of companies succeeding with flat structures is noticeably short. Besides the companies mentioned above, the list typically includes social media marketing organization Buffer, online publisher Medium and tomato processing and packing company Morning Star Tomatoes.

Other organizations that attempted flatter structures have encountered conflicts between staff, ambiguity around job roles and the emergence of unofficial hierarchies – which undermines the whole point of going flat. They eventually reverted back to hierarchical structures.

“While people may lament the proliferation of red tape,” management scholars Pedro Monteiro and Paul Adler explain, “in the next breath, many complain that ‘there ought to be a rule.’”

Even Zappos, often cited as the case study for flat organizations, has slowly added back managers in recent years.

See also  Meta Fixes Facebook Bug That Sent Automatic Friend Requests

Right tool

In many ways, flat organizations require even stronger management than hierarchical ones.

When managers are removed, the span of control for those remaining increases. Corporate leaders must delegate – and track – tasks across greater numbers of employees and constantly communicate with workers.

Careful planning is needed to determine how work is organized, information shared, conflicts resolved and employees compensated, hired and reviewed. It is not surprising that as companies grow, the complexity of bigger organizations poses barriers to flat models.

In the end, organizational structure is a tool. History shows that business and economic conditions determine which type of structure works for an organization at any given time.

All organizations navigate the trade-off between stability and flexibility. While a hospital system facing extensive regulations and patient safety protocols may require a stable and consistent hierarchy, an online game developer in a competitive environment may need an organizational structure that’s more nimble so it can adapt to changes quickly.

Business and economic conditions are changing for Big Tech, as digital advertising declines, new competitors surface and emerging technologies demand risky investments. Meta’s corporate flattening is one response.

As Zuckerberg noted when explaining recent changes, “Our management theme for 2023 is the ‘Year of Efficiency,’ and we’re focused on becoming a stronger and more nimble organization.”

But context matters. So does planning. All the evidence I’ve seen indicates that embracing flatness by cutting middle management will not, by itself, do much to make a company more efficient.

Source link

Keep an eye on what we are doing
Be the first to get latest updates and exclusive content straight to your email inbox.
We promise not to spam you. You can unsubscribe at any time.
Invalid email address


Google, Meta Using 'Bullying Tactics' Against Canada's News Bill, Says PM Trudeau



Google, Meta Using 'Bullying Tactics' Against Canada's News Bill, Says PM Trudeau

OTTAWA (Reuters) – Alphabet’s Google and Meta Platforms are using “bullying tactics” against a Canadian push aimed at ensuring financial support for …

Source link

See also  100 Pics From This "Minimalist Photography" Facebook Page
Keep an eye on what we are doing
Be the first to get latest updates and exclusive content straight to your email inbox.
We promise not to spam you. You can unsubscribe at any time.
Invalid email address
Continue Reading


Bride erupts at pregnant bridesmaid because she didn’t want ‘dress fitting stress’ at her wedding



Forgetful moment: Bride is missing part of her wedding dress

An anonymous bride reportedly turned to a wedding-focused Facebook group to ask if she was “being unreasonable” for becoming angry at one of her bridesmaids for getting pregnant after the bride explicitly asked all of her wedding participants to refrain from doing so ahead of her big day.

The bride’s inquiry was shown in a screenshot and shared on the “Wedding Shaming” subreddit, a 535,400-member Reddit forum where anonymous users shame wedding themes, brides, grooms, guests and vendors for controversial plans and behavior.

“Bride is upset when she can’t control the family planning of her party,” a Reddit user captioned the Facebook post on Saturday, June 3 — which to date has received more than 970 upvotes and a “Bridezilla/Groomzilla” label.


The anonymous bride wrote that she knows she “can’t stop anyone from becoming pregnant” — but even so, she said she still doesn’t want any pregnant women at her wedding.

“From the very beginning, several times before, I even asked my girls if they were OK with waiting to have babies or another baby until after the wedding,” the bride wrote. “I just wanted no stress on dealing with if dresses fit correctly and what not.”

An anonymous bride in a private Facebook group (not pictured) asked others if she was “being unreasonable” for getting angry at one of her bridesmaids for becoming pregnant and hiding her pregnancy — when the bride instead wanted a wedding free of “baby bumps.” (iStock)

“One of my bridesmaids hid it from me for a few weeks before she ever said anything and my wedding is a few months away,” the bride continued. 

“Am I wrong to be upset because she’s making me feel like I am? I’m happy for her but I just wish she didn’t keep it from me and lie to me & expect me to still have her.”

The Reddit post has generated over 100 comments — and nearly all the commenters believe the bride is being unreasonable and has overstepped. 

See also  Old Video Of Woman Thrashing A Man For Harassing Her Viral Linking It To The Movie 'The Kerala Story'

A Reddit user who claims to be a member of the same wedding group wrote that the anonymous bride “was called entitled, selfish [and a] bad friend.”


Similar thoughts were shared on Reddit with various written diatribes.

“My sister-in-law was SO nervous to tell me she had gotten pregnant like six months before my wedding, because of b——- like this,” one Reddit user wrote. “I was thrilled and her bump is a great addition to all the photos.”

Pregnant bridesmaid wears periwinkle floral dress while holding a bouquet.

A bridesmaid has gotten pregnant even though a bride asked the women in her wedding party to hold off on having babies because she didn’t want to deal with the “stress” of bridesmaid dress fittings ahead of her wedding, according to a Facebook post that has gone viral on Reddit. (iStock)

“Ewwww. You don’t have your friends in your wedding party for aesthetics,” another user wrote. “You have them there because they’re who you want by your side on one of the best days of your life. No matter what. The attitude of some brides stink.”

Said another user, “She’s basically upset because she won’t get the photos she wants because of how someone looks. Would she also be mad if someone broke their arm or leg & had a cast?”


“Brides pick a date years in the future and expect you to follow terms for a meaningless position,” one Reddit user quipped.

“Right? If you don’t want anyone to be pregnant at your wedding then get married quickly when no one is pregnant,” another user replied. “You can’t plan even months ahead and expect everyone to put their lives on hold for you!”

Full wedding party poses outside with bride, groom, bridesmaids and groomsmen.

Several Reddit users wrote that they weren’t bothered at all by wedding party members being pregnant at weddings — and were even overjoyed to have people expecting babies in their wedding parties and as guests. (iStock)

See also  Associate Professor Daniel Goh announces expulsion from Workers' Party

Several Reddit users wrote that they weren’t bothered and were even overjoyed to have pregnant bridesmaids and guests at their weddings.

However, some people noted that they only became concerned when pregnant guests attended weddings despite doctors advising them not to do so.


Other Reddit commenters pointed out that wedding party drama is a big reason they decline bridesmaid proposals or celebrate when couples decide to not have bridesmaids or groomsmen.

“For the original story, I think it is very telling that the bridesmaid hid her pregnancy as long as she could because she knew her friend would react that way,” one Reddit user wrote.

Cautious parents-to-be generally wait until the end of the first trimester to announce a pregnancy, according to Healthline, an online health information provider.

Man and woman show off baby sonogram on phone.

While some couples announce pregnancies right away, others may choose to wait until the end of the first trimester before they tell family and friends. (iStock)

“I’d pretend I was pregnant even if I wasn’t, just to get out of being her bridesmaid,” one Reddit user commented.

Said another, “The bride gives the whole, ‘It’s my birthday month,’ ‘It’s my wedding year’ vibes. Like grow up, please. It’s possible to be happy for others and yourself at the same time and it is still your day.”


The Reddit post also received sarcastic responses from social media users who wanted to illustrate other unreasonable requests that can be asked by future brides and grooms. 

“Make a deal. You won’t be pregnant in her bridal party as long as she doesn’t steal your thunder by ever having a baby,” one Reddit user wrote.

Two women have a serious conversation while sitting in a restaurant.

Some Reddit users wrote that they think that women who want bridesmaids at their wedding should be understanding that the people they invite into their wedding party have their own lives before they ask for such a big favor. (iStock)

See also  MetaX Wants Its Name Back, And It's Suing Facebook to Get It

“I’ll also make sure to tell my [sister-in-law] she better get in shape quick, too, because she’s having a baby like two months before our wedding. But not tooooooo in shape. I need all my bridesmaids to look hot but not too hot,” said another user. 

Very few Reddit users showed understanding toward the anonymous bride, but the meager responses that are present in the comment thread appear to be leveled.


“She can’t expect women to plan their pregnancy around her wedding, but she has the right to choose not to include pregnant women in her bridal party,” one Reddit user wrote, which received downvotes from the group.

“Trying to control who can get pregnant is absurd,” another user wrote. “However, if the friend knows the bride is like this, then why agree to be a bridesmaid then not be honest that she’s expecting?”

Tailor drapes blue fabric on woman.

Other Reddit users argued that getting a bridesmaid’s gown tailored isn’t that hard of a fix. Some disagreed with that. (iStock)

“I mean … I can kind of understand this. A lot of planning goes into a wedding,” a Reddit user wrote. “Then add in tailoring a bridesmaid dress?”


The Reddit user continued, “But, at the same time, trying to keep your bridesmaids from getting pregnant is not something you can control. People will get pregnant with or without the bride or groom’s permission. Don’t be a jerk about it.”


Said another commenter, “If someone in your wedding party is pregnant, suck it up and deal with it. At the very least, if you’ve bought an expensive dress for her that has to be altered or exchanged because of her pregnancy, sit down and discuss it with her like adults.”

Source link

Keep an eye on what we are doing
Be the first to get latest updates and exclusive content straight to your email inbox.
We promise not to spam you. You can unsubscribe at any time.
Invalid email address
Continue Reading


57 Memes About ‘Cringeposting On LinkedIn’ Collected By This Facebook Group



57 Memes About 'Cringeposting On LinkedIn' Collected By This Facebook Group

LinkedIn has recently found itself at the center of a growing debate over its evolving nature, leading some to believe that it is entering a cringe era. The platform serves various purposes, functioning as a work-centered social media platform, a tool for job seeking, and a way to track former classmates’ success. However, it is difficult to deny that recently, many people have noticed the platform becoming a bit cringy.

Popular trends such as the hustle and motivation culture, which gained significant traction in recent years, have also found their way onto LinkedIn. This has even given rise to online communities like the Facebook group “LinkedIn Memes For Go Getter Teens,” which curates and shares the most cringe-worthy aspects of this culture in the form of memes.

Here is the list of the best and most cringy posts shared by the group we selected to present to you today.

Bored Panda has reached out to Victoria Zhong, the admin of the “LinkedIn Memes for Go Getter Teens” Facebook group. We asked a couple of questions related to the community connected to share the most cringy posts on the social media platform. First, we wanted to know the origins of the group and what inspired Victoria to create it. She told us: “I was scrolling on LinkedIn and noticed that many posts there seemed to follow a formula—especially those by large LinkedIn influencers. Many of these posts were self-aggrandizing and felt very out of touch with regular, everyday people. I thought the posts were especially funny where people tried to spin mundane events into fables with some lessons.”

See also  Old Video Of Woman Thrashing A Man For Harassing Her Viral Linking It To The Movie 'The Kerala Story'

The group description states: “LinkedIn related cringeposting”, and at the moment it counts nearly 50k members. We were wondering if there is any mission that connects this huge community. Victoria Zhong explained: “There’s no real mission of the group. It’s just a place where people can use humor to discuss or vent about frustrations they have about work or finding work.”

Having this many active contributors, the posts on “LinkedIn Memes for Go Getter Teens” are published daily. The page was created 2 years ago, and only last month it published 337 new posts. We asked Victoria if she could think of any instances where the memes shared within the group have ignited engaging conversations or debates among the members, but Zhong shortly mentioned that she does not have any specific examples.

Finally, we wanted the Facebook group’s admin to provide us with her insights into the curation process. We wanted to find out what specific criteria Victoria considers when handpicking the memes to share with this vibrant community. Zhong told us: “For myself, it would usually be posts that haven’t been previously posted or classic memes that haven’t been posted in a while (like ‘I stopped to help a dog and was late to a job interview and the interviewer turned out to be the dog’). For others, it would be relevant posts that aren’t recent reposts. I personally prefer image posts but do allow videos every so often.”

See also  7 common Facebook Messenger problems and how to fix them

Source link

Keep an eye on what we are doing
Be the first to get latest updates and exclusive content straight to your email inbox.
We promise not to spam you. You can unsubscribe at any time.
Invalid email address
Continue Reading