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Iran ‘throttling’ internet to limit protest footage: activists



The restrictions still fall short of the total shutdown seen in November 2019 but have caused a reduction in the video footage shared

The restrictions still fall short of the total shutdown seen in November 2019 but have caused a reduction in the video footage shared – Copyright Ritzau Scanpix/AFP/File John Randeris HANSEN


Iran is imposing increasingly severe restrictions on access to the internet, albeit still short of a total shutdown, in an apparent bid to limit the sharing of footage of protests which have erupted nationwide, activists charge.

Campaigners and Persian-language television channels outside Iran have noted a reduction in the posting of footage of the protests filmed on mobile phones, almost two weeks into the movement that erupted following the death of Mahsa Amini.

The authorities have already restricted access to Instagram and WhatsApp — until now the last remaining unfiltered social media services — and have now clamped down on apps like the Google Play Store as well as Virtual Private Networks (VPNs) that seek to circumvent local access restrictions.

“It’s still not an internet shutdown, and it’s hard to even describe what they are doing to the network as ‘shutdowns’. Perhaps extreme throttling is the best simple term for it,” said the Iran researcher for freedom of expression group Article 19, Mahsa Alimardani.

“But the disruptions are heavy,” she told AFP, saying disconnections were hitting a peak from late afternoon to midnight when most protests take place.

The restrictions still fall short of the total shutdown seen in November 2019 when a crackdown on less than a week of protests, according to Amnesty International, left at least 321 people dead.

Videos of protests and alleged abuses by the authorities are still filtering out onto social media channels, but not in the same volume as when protests first erupted following the death of Amini who had been arrested by the morality police.

“The authorities seem to have learned how dangerous this is for their economy or overall public relations,” commented Alimardani.

– ‘Massive hurdle’ –

Norway-based Iran Human Rights (IHR), which says 76 people have been killed in the crackdown so far, said internet access has either been “severely disrupted or completely cut” over the last days.

“Internet disruptions continue to cause delays in reporting” deaths in the protests, it warned.

Paris-based Reporters Without Borders (RSF) said: “Twelve days after the beginning of the protests, the internet network is still down daily throughout the country.”

In response, social media giants have sought to offer assistance to Iranians, the United States has even agreed sanction relief on some software, and tycoon Elon Musk has offered his Starlink satellite internet network.

But how much such measures can help, especially in the short term, remains unclear.

“Internet outages are happening more frequently worldwide, including in parts of Iran this week,” Google said in a statement on Twitter, saying its teams were “working to make our tools broadly available” following the eased US sanctions.

“We hope these changes help, in some small way, people safely access information at this important time,” it added.

Iranians have long used VPNs to access sites blocked in Iran — even government officials including the foreign minister have Twitter accounts despite the network being blocked in the country.

But Alimardani described using and accessing VPNs right now as “hit and miss” for Iranians with the blocking of the Google Play Store, a major blow when most Iranians are using Android mobile phones with their Google operating systems.

“This is a massive hurdle to downloading safe and new VPNs that work,” she said.

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LinkedIn Announces New Privacy-Friendly Ad Targeting Options for B2B Brands



LinkedIn Announces New Privacy-Friendly Ad Targeting Options for B2B Brands

LinkedIn has announced some updated ad targeting options, as it works to align with evolving privacy regulations, while still providing optimal reach options for brand partners.

First off, LinkedIn’s expanding its Group Identity audience targeting option to all ad types.

Originally launched with selected partners last year, Group Identity enables you to target your ads based on LinkedIn data points.

As explained by LinkedIn:

With Group Identity, we’re leveraging our first- and zero-party data, such as title, seniority, industry, interests, etc., to help you reach buying committees, measure your campaign performance, and optimize towards the objectives that matter to your business.”

So you’re essentially putting more trust in LinkedIn’s system to get your ads in front of the right people, based on first-party attributes, as opposed to honing in your audience targeting through more specific, manually selected qualifiers.

And it could be effective – LinkedIn says that Group Identity based campaigns have seen a 37% higher average click-through rate on group-delivered campaigns across channels.

Again, it puts more trust in LinkedIn’s automated targeting and reach focus, but it may be worth considering once it’s available in your ad set-up options.

LinkedIn’s also testing more ways to integrate your first-party data, via an updated Conversions API, which will enable advertisers to feed their conversion data direct into LinkedIn’s system.

“We’re also continuing to invest in privacy-enhancing technologies, such as clean rooms, to enable you to gain actionable insights and advanced measurement in a secure environment.”

Finally, LinkedIn’s also launching On-Device Experimentation for its Brand Lift and A/B Test tools, which will enable ‘randomization and attribution to be processed via a virtual device’, providing another way to assess ad performance while also maintaining user privacy. 

Like all platforms, LinkedIn has been faced with various challenges on the data privacy front, from EU data provisions to Apple’s iOS tracking update, coming shifts on cookie tracking, etc.

Within this, LinkedIn’s working to evolve its tools to suit the modern market, and these new solutions will add to its expanded offerings to help maintain ad performance.

You can read more about LinkedIn’s latest targeting updates here.

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