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14 Expert Ideas for the Best Local Marketing Strategy in 2024

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14 Expert Ideas for the Best Local Marketing Strategy in 2024

Local marketing is important for any business—whether you’re a mom-and-pop with a storefront downtown or a large national franchise. You want to get seen and found by people looking for your products or services, which they’re often searching for locally. In fact, nearly half of all Google searches have local intent.

So, what are the best local marketing trends and strategies that will help you see success this year? Today, we’re sharing the top 14—as told by the experts!

Table of contents

  1. Optimize your online presence for local SEO
  2. Don’t forget voice search optimization
  3. Tap into local influencers
  4. Host, sponsor, or attend local events
  5. Prioritize reviews
  6. Engage with social media communities
  7. Don’t underestimate the power of LinkedIn
  8. Run hyper-local advertising
  9. Use data and analytics to create more powerful hyper-local targeting
  10. Invest in video
  11. Use AI tools
  12. Create diversified local content
  13. Learn from B2B tactics
  14. Personalize and segment content and promotions

14 local marketing trends and tactics for 2024

“Local marketing in 2024 no longer means placing an ad in a local paper—although that can have its place,” said Magee Clegg, CEO of Cleartail Marketing.

“It’s more about focusing on strategies that emphasize long-term customer relationships, utilizing professional platforms and proactively managing your online reputation.”

Here are some tactics, trends, and ideas to help you build the most successful local marketing strategy for 2024.

1. Optimize your online presence for local SEO

This isn’t necessarily a trend as Google Business Profiles have been around for 10 years (this year!), but it’s extremely important for any local marketing strategy. You still need to master the basics. This means optimizing your Google Business Profile, Apple Maps, and other local directories for local—and hyper-local—SEO.

“Ensuring your business appears in local search results, particularly your Google Business listing, can significantly increase visibility,” said Deepak Shukla, founder of SEO agency Pearl Lemon. “In the post-pandemic era, where online presence has become even more critical, this strategy is essential for attracting local customers.”

Optimization tactics for local search include the addition of hours, offerings, and reviews, which help convert searchers into customers, said Dan Dillon CEO of CleanItSupply.com.

example of an optimized google business profile from a dentist in boston

This also helps businesses establish themselves as authoritative and build local trust, added Dmytro Sokhach, founder of digital marketing agency Admix Global.

As “near me” searches remain popular—more than 60% of mobile searches have local intent, by some estimates—Ken Fortney, CEO of SEO firm That Local Pack, pointed to one New York restaurant, which saw a 270% increase in revenue in a single year by adopting an enhanced local SEO strategy that included Google Business optimization, as well as customer reviews (more on that later) and location-specific menus.

“Consumers are increasingly turning to local search to fulfill their immediate needs, and local SEO is key in attracting these ready-to-convert customers,” Fortney said.

📍 Are your listings optimized for local search? Find out with our Free Business Listings Grader!

2. Don’t forget voice search optimization

In addition to local SEO basics, businesses should also integrate natural language processing to capitalize on voice queries.

“This involves utilizing conversational, long-tail keywords in content optimization, leading to a broader range of search visibility and potential customer attraction,” Fortney said.

For example, instead of targeting “Italian restaurants,” businesses could use “family-friendly Italian restaurant in Boston.”

“This hyper-personalization targets the niche audience directly and increases conversion probability,” added Gianluca Ferruggia, general manager of B2B marketplace DesignRush.

And don’t forget Schema markup.

“Optimizing for local pack rankings with precise location-based keywords and building localized links from directory listings and community websites is key,” said Lyn Collanto, marketing specialist at SEO agency KBA Web. “As mobile and voice search continue to rise, enhancing on-site elements like click-to-call and direction links will also be impactful.”

3. Tap into local influencers

While the benefits of using influencers to connect with consumers is widely documented, collaborating with local influencers, which may have smaller audiences, can be a big boon to local marketing.

content creator - screenshot of an influencer's postcontent creator - screenshot of an influencer's post

“Including local micro-influencers in marketing campaigns can yield positive results,” Ferruggia said. “Their niche, dedicated following helps generate trustworthy word-of-mouth in the respective community.”

👀 Looking for more ways to drive people to your site? Free guide >> 25 Ways to Increase Traffic to Your Website

4. Host, sponsor, or attend local events

In addition to local influencers, local events are a good strategy to think about.

Examples include hosting workshops or classes, such as a cake decorating tutorial at a bakery.

“These events attract potential customers and create a memorable experience associated with your brand,” said Randy VanderVaate, CEO of Funeral Funds of America.

“By partnering with local influencers and businesses and hosting or sponsoring local events, a company can effectively tap into the local audience,” Shukla said. “These strategies not only enhance community engagement but also foster a sense of solidarity and support, which is particularly valuable in the current times where there’s a strong desire for community connection.”

In fact, Dillon believes community partnerships will grow in importance as these events help foster trust and authenticity.

Geoff Cudd, founder of review site Don’t Do It Yourself, agreed businesses that engage in local events, sponsor local teams or partner with other local businesses can see a boost in reputation and loyalty.

“This approach not only increases brand visibility but also builds a strong local network,” he added.

That could even include a cross-promotional offer with another local business.

“Brands that engage in local community initiatives or partner with other local businesses to create combined offerings may witness higher customer loyalty and differentiate themselves in the bustling marketplace,” said Pavel Naydenov, head of marketing at software platform Businessmap.

Per his figures, Oleg Segal, CEO of discount site DealA, said he has seen a 45% increase in these local partnerships in recent months.

5. Prioritize reviews

Along the way, encourage customers to leave online reviews on platforms like Google and Yelp. A solid presence here can contribute to a successful local marketing strategy.

That’s in part because local sentiment and word-of-mouth lives online now. And so it’s important to address both positive and negative reviews instead of trying to bury the latter.

example of negative google review responseexample of negative google review response

“Actively listening, engaging positively, and addressing negative reviews is critical to maintaining community trust and loyalty,” said Iurii Nemtcev, CEO of Big Lab Digital Agency.

6. Engage with social media communities

In addition to advertising on social media, local businesses can use these platforms to drive community engagement.

“Social media platforms are increasingly becoming local hubs,” Shukla said. “Engaging with the community by promoting local events, participating in local discussions, and showcasing community involvement can build a loyal local following.”

7. Don’t underestimate the power of LinkedIn

While social platforms like Facebook and Instagram remain popular among local marketers—and for good reasons—Clegg called LinkedIn “a potent platform for local businesses looking to expand their reach.”

That’s in part because LinkedIn outreach can deliver enhanced results when combined with emails. For one client, Clegg added 400 emails per month and scheduled 40 qualified sales calls per month as a result of implementing this tactic.

8. Run hyper-local advertising

Beyond engaging communities on social media, tap into the power of these platforms to target your ads to local consumers.

“Platforms like Facebook and Instagram offer advanced targeting options that allow businesses to reach potential customers in specific geographic areas,” Cudd said. “By creating localized content and ads, businesses can effectively engage with a community-focused audience.”

google ads for real estate ab test examplegoogle ads for real estate ab test example

An example of a localized ad vs. a generic ad for the same business.

The result is the personalized content consumers crave—and can reach potential customers with a high potential for engagement.

🛑 Want to learn about local ads on Google? Get the free guide >> PPC 101: Complete Guide to Google Ads

9. Use data and analytics to create more powerful hyper-local targeting

Hyper-local targeting will get a boost in 2024 thanks to more advanced data analytics.

“In 2024, the key is hyper-local targeting, using advanced data analytics to understand and engage with specific demographics within a community,” said Leena Sowambur, founder of Marcomms by Leena.

What’s more, the ability to combine consumer data points—such as shopping habits, online behavior and even political leanings—will fuel more personalized messaging.

“We’re seeing an unprecedented emphasis on cross-sectional marketing,” she added. “This strategy allows for nuanced messaging that resonates deeply with diverse groups within a community.”

10. Invest in video

Local businesses that want to take their content marketing efforts up a notch should consider video, which remains the format of choice across social media.

“This trend offers businesses new opportunities to creatively engage with their target audiences, revolutionizing how they connect with viewers,” said Zain Bin Zameer, senior link-building expert at Technology Ally. “Whether through product demos, brand stories or educational tutorials, the impact of video content is set to reshape the marketing landscape for years to come.”

In addition, Dillon suggested small businesses experiment with formats like short-form or live videos to capitalize on platforms like TikTok and Reels.

tiktok trend discovery - example of business using tiktok trendtiktok trend discovery - example of business using tiktok trend

“These strategies will harness not only digital trends but also market shifts in consumer behavior and technological advancements,” he added.

11. Use AI tools

While the benefits of video content are well-documented, high-quality video isn’t always affordable.

However, thanks to the advent of AI tools, we’re going to see further democratization of high-quality video content in 2024.

That’s according to Lucas Ochoa, CEO of Automat, who said, “What used to be an expensive and exclusive process is becoming more accessible and affordable. This shift won’t just level the playing field for local businesses but will also usher in a fresh wave of creativity and personalization in marketing communications.”

🤖 Want to use AI the right way? Free download >> Emergency Guide to AI in Marketing

12. Create diversified local content

But geo-targeted content like emails and texts can also be powerful tools.

“Most importantly, producing consistent, high-quality local content tailored to the area and offering real value to nearby searchers is what can propel SEO success for local businesses in the ever-evolving local search landscape,” Collanto said. “Focusing initiatives around these types of local marketing strategies and trends will yield the best results.”

13. Learn from B2B tactics

Even B2C brands will want to pay attention to this one.

As consumer behavior continues to go digital and data-driven marketing tactics proliferate, local advertisers have an opportunity to embrace B2B marketing strategies to expand their reach.

“The concept takes a bit of a pivot from traditional B2C strategies—it views every local customer as a potential business partner,” Clegg said. “In practice, we helped our clients build stronger relationships with local customers and offered them value beyond a single transaction, converting them into long-term advocates for the business.”

14. Personalize and segment content and promotions

Finally, brands that sell products online have an opportunity in what Sunny Zheng, senior manager at cosmetic brand Tengyu, called “personalized local ecommerce.”

By creating web pages with content and deals specifically for target regions via its Regional Specials project, Tengyu netted 2000 additional online sales in three months.

“It shows how much people appreciate content that feels personally relevant to them,” Zheng said.

glocal marketing example raising cane'sglocal marketing example raising cane's

Build the best local marketing strategy for 2024

Using these expert-approved local marketing trends and tips, you can build a strategy that gets you seen by the right local audience.

Here are the best local marketing trends, tips, and strategies for 2024:

  1. Optimize your online presence for local SEO
  2. Don’t forget voice search optimization
  3. Tap into local influencers
  4. Host, sponsor, or attend local events
  5. Prioritize reviews
  6. Engage with social media communities
  7. Don’t underestimate the power of LinkedIn
  8. Run hyper-local advertising
  9. Use data and analytics to create more powerful hyper-local targeting
  10. Invest in video
  11. Use AI tools
  12. Create diversified local content
  13. Learn from B2B tactics
  14. Personalize and segment content and promotions

💕 Want more tips and ideas? We’ve got 130+ for you! Get the guide >> 130+ of the Best Online Marketing Tips for Generating More Traffic, Leads, & Sales

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8 Fast Takeaways from Google Marketing Live 2024

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8 Fast Takeaways from Google Marketing Live 2024

Similar to last year, Google Marketing Live provided a torrent of AI-fueled advances for advertisers. In all, nine presenters announced 30 products and features over the 90-minute keynote event.

In the upcoming days and weeks, we’ll examine each of these new products and features in-depth and share what marketers and advertising experts think of them as they roll out.

But for now, here’s a quick recap of the most important announcements from Google Marketing Live 2024.

Contents

8 biggest takeaways from Google Marketing Live 2024

The GML keynote was a fast and furious hour and a half. Here are the biggest announcements from the event.

1. Automatic ad placements in AI overviews

Just last week at Google I/O, Google announced the wider release of AI overviews in search results (formerly known as SGE or search generative experience). Now, Google is testing automatically placed Search, PMax, and Shopping ads in AI Overview boxes.

Google Marketing Live - screenshot of AI overview ad

The ads will show up in a block labeled “Sponsored” to separate them from the organic and AI-derived content.

These ads will show up automatically when they match the intent of both the query and the AI Overview; advertisers don’t need to take any action to target those placements.

2. AI-powered, personalized recommendations and advice

In another experiment, Google is using AI to speed along shoppers’ decision-making process for large or complicated purchases by offering personalized product recommendations.

Google used the example of someone shopping for storage space.

The user would search for “short-term storage” and click on a relevant ad. They would then enter a guided shopping experience where they could answer questions and provide a photo of what they wanted to store.

Google Marketing Live - screenshot of AI guided ad.Google Marketing Live - screenshot of AI guided ad.

Google’s AI reviews the details and suggests the right-size storage unit and related items like packing materials. The user then clicks through to a product page on the business’s website to finalize their purchase.

This ad feature is currently in the testing phase. If it’s successful, it will soon be available to other verticals.

3. AI creative asset production for PMax campaigns

Google announced more features and tools to help advertisers create PMax campaign assets faster and at scale. These new features include:

  • The ability to add brand guidelines for colors, fonts, and imagery.
  • Image editing is used to add and extend backgrounds, add objects, and alter image sizes to fit multiple ad placements (think of adding a plant and expanding the wall for a furniture ad).
  • Auto-generation of ads from a product feed.
  • Asset-level conversion metrics.

Google Marketing Live - screenshot of PMax ad creation.Google Marketing Live - screenshot of PMax ad creation.

4. AI-enhanced Shopping Ads

    Shopping Ads got another layer of AI treatment with several upgrades to create a more immersive shopping experience.

    Virtual try-on for apparel

    Google is expanding its virtual try-on (VTO) experience to apparel ads. Beginning with men’s and women’s tops, users will be able to see how individual styles look on different body types.

    3D product images

    Using Adidas brand sneakers as an example, Google showed off new 360-degree shoe views that can be featured in ads. Google generates the 3D images using images provided by the seller.

    In-ad, short-form product videos

    Advertisers can now incorporate short product videos—created by the brand or by influencers—into ads. The videos will be clickable and interactive, letting shoppers view related products and get styling suggestions.

    The ads will include product details under each video.

    5. New visually immersive ad formats and features

    Google shared that it’s expanding its demand-gen video ad campaigns by adding new options for advertisers. These features include:

    • Clickable stickers created from existing image assets.
    • The ability for users to swipe left to a branded YouTube landing page.
    • AI-generated animations based on static images.

    6. Cohesive first-party data management

    In a move to improve the quality of data used to guide AI outputs, Google announced that its Ads Data Manager platform is coming out of beta testing and is now widely available.

    Google Marketing Live - screenshot of Google performance dashboard.Google Marketing Live - screenshot of Google performance dashboard.

    Ads Data Manager lets advertisers aggregate first-party data from sources like YouTube, Google Ads, HubSpot, and Shopify to make it more visible and actionable. The platform also acts as a “check engine light” to help make sure marketers are using data safely and responsibly.

    7. Visual brand profiles on search

    Sellers can now create a brand profile for Search, including branded imagery, product deals, videos, and more.

    Brand profiles will also include reviews pulled from Product Listing Ads. It remains to be seen how much control advertisers have over which reviews are shown.

    8. New profit optimization goals in PMax

    Advertisers will be able to optimize ads for profit goals in Performance Max campaigns.

    Google says advertisers using the new profit goals saw a 15% uplift in campaign profit compared to revenue-only goals.

    What we didn’t see at Google Marketing Live 2024

    There was a lot for advertisers to be excited about in this year’s GML keynote, but a couple of topics stood out by their absence.

    No B2B-specific products or features

    Once again, the 90-minute Google Marketing Live session focused on the rollout of products designed to help business-to-consumer brands generate more return from their Google Ads investments.

    There wasn’t a single mention of a B2B company, example, or use case. For obvious reasons, we’d have loved to see some.

    No (or too few) small-business case studies

    By number, the vast majority of advertisers on Google are small businesses. Yet just about every example, case study, and customer story featured big brands using Google’s newest features to attract new customers.

    Additionally, the majority of example use cases for the new features announced at Google Marketing Live 2024 were for travel and ecommerce–industries that typically thrive in the search ads environment. Meanwhile, the typical small business wouldn’t be able to reap the same benefits from these new features.

    “Google Ads and YouTube ads for well-established brands should work. If it didn’t, it would be alarming. Show me a local business with impressive stats,” tweeted Julie Bacchini, President of Neptune Moon and Managing Director of PPCChat.

    Google Marketing Live - screenshot of a Tweet about Google Marketing Live.Google Marketing Live - screenshot of a Tweet about Google Marketing Live.

    Source

    Our hope is that Google will use AI to make advertising easier for smaller businesses with smaller budgets.

    What it all means

    We’ll dig deeper into all these announcements and new AI features in an upcoming post, but for now, the takeaway is clear: Google is investing heavily in AI across the board. We get the feeling that not all users are quite as excited about AI as Google is, and regardless, there are bound to be some hiccups, as with any new technology. But we’ll be here to help you all navigate the changes.

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How to Navigate Your Google Ads Suspension

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Google Ads Account

Are you facing the dreaded red bar of death in your Google Ads account? If so, you may be the victim of a Google Ads suspension.

Don’t worry, you’re not alone! Google Ads accounts are suspended for various reasons, leaving businesses puzzled and eager to restore their campaigns.

Whether you’re new to the concept of a Google Ads suspension or currently grappling with one, this article will explore Google’s policies, to help you understand common suspensions, and will offer guidance on resolving issues if you find yourself fighting a suspension.

Understanding Google’s Approach to Suspensions

Google says it prioritizes user safety and credibility over generating revenue from advertisers. With billions of ads and millions of advertiser accounts to manage, Google has implemented robust policies to ensure a largely secure online experience for users.

These policies are designed to uphold legal requirements and the safety of users. The challenge arises when legitimate advertisers unintentionally get caught in the same net as bad actors who are deliberately violating policies.

Google’s policies cover a wide range of areas, from preventing scams and illegitimate businesses, to safeguarding users against misleading ads and harmful websites. In the past year alone, Google flagged over 5.5 billion ads and suspended around 12.7 million advertiser accounts.

While these measures protect users, they also pose a significant challenge for businesses aiming to reach their audience through Google.

Common Reasons for Google Ads Suspensions

While the reasons an account has been suspended can vary, some are more common than others. Circumventing Systems, Suspicious Payment Activity, Unacceptable Business Practices, and Counterfeit Goods are among the top suspension types.

None of these suspension types are impossible to recover from. The team at StubGroup has worked with numerous accounts struggling with these types of suspensions and have successfully gotten them reinstated.

Types of Google Ads Suspensions

Google rarely provides detailed explanations for account suspensions. If you get flagged for a certain policy, Google does not give more information than that. Here’s a few of the most common suspension types and their potential causes:

Circumventing Systems

This suspension type flags tactics like cloaking, sneaky redirects, and creating multiple accounts to bypass Google’s system.

Obvious things that can cause this type of suspension are redirecting users to a different final URL than the one displayed in the ad, maintaining multiple accounts to run similar ads, malicious software, or using cloaking techniques to show different content to Google’s review systems and actual users. There are, however, many other, less common and often unintentional triggers for Google to suspend an ad account for circumventing systems.

Suspicious Payment Activity

This suspension involves issues with your payment method used for the Google Ads account.

Common causes include: Using virtual or prepaid cards, having multiple accounts with a history of suspension linked to the same payment method, or discrepancies in the payment details provided.

Unacceptable Business Practices

This suspension revolves around practices deemed unethical or harmful by Google, such as misleading claims or deceptive offers. It’s common to see this suspension type in verticals that are more heavily restricted by Google’s advertising policies.

Common causes include: Failing to deliver promised services, using misleading information in ads, or engaging in practices that violate Google’s guidelines on transparency and honesty.

Counterfeit Goods

Google issues this suspension if it suspects the account is advertising counterfeit products or unauthorized replicas. Businesses with original products and services can also be hit with a counterfeit good suspension if something about their business confuses Google’s algorithms.

Common causes include: Selling or promoting fake goods, using brand names without authorization, using misleading wording that could lead Google to think a product is counterfeit, or listing products that violate Google’s trademark policies.

The Technical Perspective

From a technical standpoint, most suspensions stem from insufficient or incorrect information on the website. They can also come about as a result of landing page issues, security concerns, and inconsistent payment details.

Google’s emphasis on user safety and positive experiences shapes its algorithms. That renders these issues of top importance, and the first to get flagged.

Navigating Your Google Ads Suspension Effectively

If you find yourself dealing with a suspended account, don’t panic. Instead, use these trusty tips to get through it.

  1. Don’t Panic: Everyone’s first thought is to create a new Google Ads account. Don’t be lured into this trap. Creating a new account is seen by Google as an attempt to circumvent their system and ignore the underlying problem. That new account might hurt your chances of restoring your suspended Google Ads account.
  2. Identify the Issue: Understand the specific reason for the suspension. Review the policy Google says that you have violated and compare the policy with your account or website for anything that could appear misleading or flag Google’s system. Finding the cause behind your suspension is crucial for an effective appeal.
  3. Review Everything: Conduct a thorough review of your website, landing pages, ad content, and payment processes. Check anything and everything that could seem malicious.
  4. Address Any Technical Issues: Promptly address any technical issues you find. If you don’t have someone in-house, work with experts to ensure everything is taken care of.
  5. Construct a Clear Appeal: When submitting an appeal for your suspended Google Ads account, provide a clear and concise explanation of the actions taken to resolve the issues. Google does not respond well to complaints against them or angry appeals. The best road to action is a calm, comprehensive appeal, outlining the resolved issues.
  6. Documentation: Keep detailed records of changes made to your website, ad content, or payment processes as evidence of your compliance efforts.
  7. Monitor and Iterate: Keep a record of your appeal. After submission, wait for an email from Google and monitor your ad account.

What if Google Rejects My Appeal?

If your appeal gets rejected, you may need to go back to the drawing board. Re-evaluate and scan for anything that could still be triggering Google’s system or reviewers, including the status of connected accounts and the payment methods used.

If Google provides feedback, use that as you audit your account, website, and any linked accounts that might be affected.

Analyze Google’s Response

When Google rejects an appeal, they reply with an automated email as to why it was rejected. From time to time, however, there will be clues as to why they rejected your appeal to help steer you in the right direction.

Making Changes

Depending on Google’s feedback, you may need to make more changes to your ad account, website, or the documentation you submitted with the appeal.

This includes reviewing and updating any payment method information to ensure it is current. Check there are no outstanding balances that could lead to account suspension.

Resubmit with Updates

After each change, review and revise your appeal. Ensure it addresses the concerns raised by Google and its policies. Once you are confident in your modifications, resubmit the appeal.

Persistence and Patience with Google

Google’s review process can take time, so patience is key. While you are suspended, explore different channels you may have overlooked before. There are many different ways to advertise, digitally and in print, who knows where you may find success.

Consider Expert Assistance

If you find yourself stuck in a cycle of rejections and suspensions, consider seeking expert assistance like the suspension team at StubGroup. Professionals with experience in dealing with Google suspensions can provide valuable insights, identify blind spots, and guide you through the process more efficiently.

When choosing a professional to work with, be cautious and thoroughly research the companies to choose a reliable and transparent company that will keep your information safe and maintain an open line of communication with you.

Strategies for Preventing Google Ads Suspensions

  • Stay Informed: Google is always updating their policies. Regularly review and stay updated on those policies to ensure ongoing compliance.
  • Comprehensive Compliance Training: Educate your team about Google’s policies and best practices so they are aware of what to avoid when operating both your website and ad account.
  • Audit Your Online Presence: Conduct regular audits of your website, landing pages, social media, and ad content to identify and address potential issues before any bigger problems can arise.
  • Security Measures: Prioritize website security. Implementing HTTPS and conduct regular security audits of both your ad account and website. Keep your software updated, and address vulnerabilities promptly.
  • Ad Campaign Monitoring: Actively monitor the performance of your ad campaigns. Look for signs of policy violations or content issues and address them. It’s crucial to maintaining smooth and efficient Google Ads campaigns that you adhere to Google’s policies to prevent suspensions and achieve desired results.



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The Top 10 Google Ranking Factors (+Optimization Tips)

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The Top 10 Google Ranking Factors (+Optimization Tips)

Where’s the first place people go when they need an answer, idea, product, or service? Not to the Yellow Pages. Not into town. Not even to family and friends at this point. They go to the Goog. And most of them do not go past the first page of results.

And it is for this reason that SEO, or search engine optimization, is a multi-billion dollar industry. SEO is the practice of getting a website to align with Google’s ranking factors. So what are those ranking factors and how can you optimize your site for them? Read on to find out.

search engine optimization - google ranking factors

Table of contents

What are Google ranking factors?

SEO is the process of optimizing your website to rank as high as possible in organic search engine results (and yes, you can aim for the first page). When talking about search, we use the term “organic” to refer to search results that are unpaid. This is different from paid results, which come from PPC advertising.

Organic rankings on Google are determined by an algorithm that takes into account various characteristics and SEO metrics —and these are your ranking factors.

There are over 200 Google ranking factors, and while we will never know all of them, we do know many. We also know that while ranking factors and algorithms may shift, the characteristics Google is trying to parse out through them are expertise, authority, and trust (E-A-T).

google ranking factors - meaning of E-A-Tgoogle ranking factors - meaning of E-A-T

E-A-T is not a ranking factor; rather, ranking factors are a way for Google to measure of E-A-T.

Types of Google ranking factors

Before we get into the top 10 Google ranking factors around which you can optimize your website pages, let’s first go over the different types.

  • On-page ranking factors refer to the quality of the content on the page and the keywords its targeting.
  • Off-page ranking factors are like endorsements from other pages on your site or other websites, and primarily involve backlinks.
  • Technical ranking factors measure your site’s ability to be crawled, indexed, and render content quickly and safely for searchers.
  • Local ranking factors involve all three of the above, with a special focus on reviews, reputation, and listings.

There isn’t one single ranking factor that will make or break your SEO. It’s the combination of all your technical, on-page, and off-page efforts that work together to help you rank higher on Google, get more traffic, and build trust.

The top Google ranking factors according to First Page Sage are as follows:

search engine optimization - google ranking factorssearch engine optimization - google ranking factors

On-page Google ranking factors

The above technical search engine ranking factors have to do with your website as a whole, while these next ranking factors are more page-specific—hence the term on-page SEO.

1. Relevant, high-quality content

The single most important Google ranking factor is the quality of your content. This correlates to the consistent publication of high quality content, user engagement, and niche expertise in the chart above. So what makes relevant, quality content?

  • It’s trustworthy. The information is in-depth, accurate, useful, and free of spammy links and/or comments.
  • It’s readable. That means organized logically, written conversationally, and not stuffed with keywords (Google will actually penalize you for this). Incorporate it naturally into your page and use it interchangeably with related keywords.
  • It’s fresh. Even the most evergreen content loses relevancy over time. So in addition to writing net new content, you should also be updating outdated pages with new information and new keywords that are relevant to today. This is the key to maintaining a good freshness score.
  • It matches the intent of the keyword. In addition to using keyword research tools to find out what your ideal audience is searching online, make sure to search the keyword on Google itself to make sure you understand what users are seeking when they perform that search.

In a recent survey conducted by Directive, 78% of marketers identified keyword research as a high-impact practice for driving new traffic. The research process allows you to better understand what your audience is searching for and create content that directly addresses these search queries.
google ranking factors - impact of keyword research on driving new trafficgoogle ranking factors - impact of keyword research on driving new traffic

2. Keyword placement

Once you know which keywords you want to rank for, it’s important to insert them into specific places on your page. This includes:

  • Title tag: aka meta title; the title that appears on the SERP
  • H1 title: title that appears on the page
  • H2 headings: aim for at least two
  • URL: keep your URL short and clean as well.
  • Naturally in the body: and also in the first 100 words
  • Meta description: the blurb that appears below the title tag/meta title. Make sure it accurately sums up your page and gives searchers a reason to click. Google doesn’t always use the meta description you provide, but it’s still important to include.

keyword placement checklist for on-page seokeyword placement checklist for on-page seo

Keywords in the title tags are, by far, the most important, followed by H2s and URL.

3. Image optimization

This is an important one—not only because of Google image search but also because regular search results are getting more and more visual—especially on mobile. Here’s how to optimize your images for SEO:

  • Assign alt text: This is the text alternative of an image, and the only way that Google can “see” them. Be short but descriptive and include the keyword. This also makes your website accessible to visually-impaired readers who rely on screen readers to browse the internet, and will show if the image fails to load.
  • Compress and resize: Use an image compressor (tinypng is my favorite) to keep your image file sizes to 70-100KB or less if you can. Often, saving as JPG instead of PNG helps. Also, images rarely need to be more than 1,000px wide. Though a responsive website will resize the images automatically, the less requests your site needs to make to the server, the better for page speed.
  • Add value: If you can, avoid using empty stock images and graphics in your blog posts and instead use screenshots, examples, charts, and illustrations that depict concepts. This improves the quality of the content and keeps users engaged longer.
  • Include the keyword: Not just in the alt text, but the file name. And replace spaces with dashes in the file name, otherwise your CMS will replace them with “%20” which creates an untrustworthy-looking image link.

google ranking factors - a properly saved, tagged, and compressed image in wordpressgoogle ranking factors - a properly saved, tagged, and compressed image in wordpress

A properly saved, tagged, sized, and compressed image.

4. Niche expertise

It’s not just the quality of your content that indicates expertise in your niche, but also the quantity of that quality content. For example, WordStream has been publishing high-quality content about PPC for a long time now, so Google has come to see us as a trusted source in this niche. But if we were to publish a super high-quality post about, say, robotic process automation, our chances of ranking for that keyword are slim.

To build out your niche expertise, you can use the hub and spoke method (also known as pillar page and cluster content). With this method, you create a hub/pillar page on a particular topic, usually a broad, high-volume keyword. This serves as the main resource for that topic, and your various H2s cover different child keywords within that topic.

Then you have your spokes, or cluster content, which are the additional pages that dive deeper into each of the aspects (child keywords) covered in the pillar page.

google ranking factors - hub and spoke content clustersgoogle ranking factors - hub and spoke content clusters

In addition to demonstrating your expertise within this niche, this method also helps with your site structure, which we’ll talk about later. Since the cluster pages link to and from the pillar content, as well as to each other, this keeps all of your links tightly organized around the same topic.

✅ Is your site optimized to rank on Google? Get an instant SEO audit with our free website grader. ✅

Technical Google ranking factors

Since it involves knowledge of website structure and content management systems, technical SEO is commonly a joint effort between marketing and development teams. But although this may seem complicated, once your website is in good working order, there’s not a lot of ongoing maintenance required in terms of SEO. Here are the technical strategies for improving your rank:

5. Page speed

Users expect a pain-free browsing experience, which is why page speed is an important ranking factor. If your pages take too long to load, your bounce rate will increase and your ranking will decrease. You can check yours with GTmetrix or Google PageSpeed Insights.

google ranking factors - gtmetrix homepagegoogle ranking factors - gtmetrix homepage

6. Mobile-friendliness

Back in 2019, Google told us it would be using mobile-first indexing on all new sites. This means that it makes its ranking assessment based on the mobile version of a site rather than the desktop. Then, in 2020 it told us plans for this to be the case for all sites, and as of 2021, all sites are now subject to mobile-first indexing.

In other words, even if the desktop version of your site is flawless, your search engine ranking could take a major hit if it isn’t optimized for mobile. Most content management systems allow you to make preview and adjustments for mobile/smaller screens. You can also use Google’s Mobile-Friendly Test.

google ranking factors - google's mobile friendly test homepagegoogle ranking factors - google's mobile friendly test homepage

In addition to these tests, you should still always preview and test your web pages on an actual mobile device because there are some things that code just can’t pick up.

7. Core Web Vitals

While SEO trends ebb and flow, ranking factors don’t often change. But in 2021, Google did introduce a new ranking factor—Core Web Vitals—as a part of the page experience update. Core Web Vitals quantify a person’s experience on your page, which dictates whether and how they engage with it. They include:

  • LCP (Largest Contentful Paint): how long it takes for the visible elements on a page to load.
  • FID (First Input Delay): How long it takes for your page to register the first click or tap on the page.
  • CLS (Cumulative Layout Shift): whether there are unexpected movements or disruptive popups

You can improve your Core Web Vitals with lazy loading, code minification, image compression, and more.

core web vitalscore web vitals

8. Website architecture

As mentioned earlier, search engines work by crawling and indexing different pieces of content on your website. Internal links refer to any hyperlink that points to another page on your same website. The more organized and tightly-knit your internal linking structure is, the more points of access you create to any given page, and the easier it is for search engines (and users) to find what they’re looking for.

Ideally, any given page on your site should be accessible in three clicks or less.

google ranking factors - internal linking structuregoogle ranking factors - internal linking structure

To do this, you must be mindful of what pages you’re linking to each time you create a new page or a new piece of content.

It makes it so that search engines can easily understand and index the content. Topic clusters are also beneficial from a user experience perspective. It makes your content easier to navigate and readers will realize that they don’t have to go to multiple sites to find what they’re looking for.

It’s likely that your website already undergoes regular maintenance to check for things like bugs or server errors. For SEO purposes, it’s a good idea to do a technical SEO audit of your site every couple of months to check for things such as 404 errors, redirect loops, and broken links.

9. Site security

Ever wonder what the s stands for in https (as opposed to just plain old http)? Well it stands for secure. And the way you get your site to be an https site rather than an http site is to get an SSL (secure sockets layer) certificate. There are a few different routes to getting an SSL, and the cost depends on the level of security you need as well as your hosting setup. HubSpot, for example offers free SSL through its CMS.

Off-page Google ranking factors

Off-page ranking factors have to do with entities outside of your website, such as social media platforms, influencers, and other websites, but there is one focal point to any off-page SEO strategy:

10. Backlinks

Last but most definitely not least, we have backlinks. A backlink is a link to your page that comes from another website. A page with a lot of links pointing back to it indicates to Google that the particular page is providing exceptional value, and is coming from a credible website.  But one link from one quality domain is much better than multiple links from several low-authority websites.

google ranking factors - how backlinking link juice is transferredgoogle ranking factors - how backlinking link juice is transferred

From our page on link building

So how do you get backlinks? Here are four link-building strategies.

  • Original, quality content: If your content is high-quality, unique, and provides value to your audience, it will generate backlinks on its own. Go for the irreplicable content like thought leadership content and original data-driven pieces.
  • Cold outreach: It takes years to build this kind of authority, so you’ll also want to build backlinks by finding related content and pitching your pieces to the author for a link.
  • Guest posts: Another method for building backlinks is by guest blogging. Rather than just asking for a link, offer to write a post for that site. You can include a backlink to your site in the post or in yoru author bio.

The top 10 Google ranking factors [recap]

With a strong presence in both paid and organic search engine results, you can increase your visibility—and no matter what kind of business you run, having visibility on search engines is critical if you want to earn trust, build brand awareness, increase traffic to your site, attract customers, and drive revenue. The top 10 Google Ranking factors include:

  1. Quality content
  2. Keyword placement
  3. Image optimization
  4. URL structure
  5. Page speed
  6. Mobile-friendliness
  7. Core Web Vitals
  8. Site architecture
  9. Site security
  10. Backlinks

Just remember, when it comes to real SEO, there’s no such thing as a silver bullet. The most important note to keep in mind is that climbing the search results pages takes time. If you optimize your website for several ranking factors today, it’s not going to magically appear in the number one spot tomorrow.

The optimization process requires ongoing effort to keep your site as fresh and relevant for your audience as possible. As long as your website is functional and optimized with your target buyer in mind, you’ll start to see organic growth.

For more opportunities to optimize for Google’s ranking factors, follow our easy 10-step SEO audit, or you can use our free Website Grader tool to do it for you. Or, check out our full range of digital marketing solutions to learn how we can help with your SEO.

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