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How To Create An Audience-focused Content



How To Create An Audience-focused Content

Bill Gates once said content is king.

And I agree.

You’ve heard countless times how important it is to produce content even a baby can understand. It all sounds great until you realize babies, don’t rule the world!

In this article, you’ll learn how to create content that makes you sell like crazy. But, before we get into the nitty-gritty, let’s start by identifying the people who make up your audience.

Become the Bartender

You’ve probably watched a movie where there is a guy sitting in a bar, narrating his misfortune to the bartender. If you pay attention to those scenes you’ll notice this bartender rarely utters a word. All he does is listen and refill his customer’s glass.

It’s not because his own life is perfect. He just happens to understands the principle behind a buyer-seller relationship.The rule is, you forget about yourself and focus and whatever story your prospect has.

To increase your sales, you must become the bartender for your prospect. Ok, I’m not talking about quitting your job to apply as a bartender in that bar you’re already thinking of.

What I mean is, you need to create a unique relationship with your prospect.

Who is he?

What are his dreams, hopes, fears, aspirations?

Why should he trust you or your product/service?

If you succeed in knowing your prospects well enough, they’ll think you can read their minds. And this brings us to the next step of this new journey of producing great copies.

Audience Segmentation

This is the key to content that sells. Have you ever seen an ad and thought to yourself, “Did they read my mind?”. This is exactly what audience segmentation does. It helps you send the right message to the right people.

There are essential points you need to look upon when carving out your audience. Based on the product or service you offer, here are some factors to consider for segmentation :

  • Age
  • Language
  • Location
  • Interest
  • Demographics
  • Stage of life
  • Spending power
  • B2B or B2C

This is close to impossible for common mortals like you and me, and that’s why we have analytics to help. Google Analytics and Bing Ads provide interesting features for online audience segmentation. They’re also great to help keep track of your audience’s interaction with your content.

Analytics provide valuable information on which content format best suits your audience.

Choosing the Right Format for Your Content

As we’ve seen above, people have different ways of interacting on the internet. Some people like blog posts, whereas, others stick to: a picture is worth a thousand words. This translates into four words. Choose. The. Right. Format.

Before picking out any format, you should make sure it aligns with your business goals. Each format portrays content in a unique way.

  • Blogs: Used for both long-form and short-form written content.
  • Infographics: Useful for large amounts of data and information.
  • E-Books: Ideal for educational and easy-to-read guides.
  • Videos: Suitable for engaging and entertaining content.
  • Press releases: Perfect for product/service updates and, news-worthy information on the company.
  • Webinars: Practical for business-related content that engages and educates your audience.
  • Reviews: Great way for prospects to leave their experience with your product/service.
  • Case studies: Helpful when it comes to presenting explanatory research.

Knowing the ideal format to use for your content helps you stand out in your niche. But, you shouldn’t stick to one content form as it may become boring for your audience.

Apply the API Formula

Content creation starts with serious brainstorming. At this stage, passion isn’t enough if you must get noticed by your audience. They are three key guidelines when it comes to producing audience-focused content.


Before writing any sales copy, you should be able to join the conversation in your prospect’s mind. I’m not talking about asking them what they think. What I mean is, you need to know them well enough to answer the questions they’ve not even voiced out. I know it sounds crazy but please, hear me out.

The brain is always working. It’s the reason you have ongoing conversations with YOU. Most of the time, you don’t even notice it. This is why when you see an answer to a question you’ve been asking yourself, it picks your interest.

This is what occurs in what we call “love at first sight”. The person you love at first sight is never a stranger. He is most of the time a product of what you designed in your mind.

So, if you’re not answering those questions, you won’t prick your prospect’s curiosity.

And, the best way to achieve this is to write to one person.

Who is your ideal prospect?

When you succeed in having a clear image of this person, writing becomes easy. It’s simpler to write to one person because your brain works best when it has a clear target. If your ideal prospect can relate to what you’re saying, other prospects will.

A great way to check the effectiveness of your copy is by analyzing your conversion rate. It will help you brainstorm the right ideas for your content.


Content creation doesn’t end at the answering phase. You must provide useful and valuable information to your audience. This isn’t always about pouring in a lot of facts and statistics. From what you know of your audience, you can predict how they will react to your content.

You need to give them content they can relate to. If you’re starting your business, you’ll want to focus on building your brand’s style and tone. Don’t make your copies too salesy. Remember, you’re not talking to giant wallets ready to cash out on the go. They need to see you as a professional they can run to at any time. In other words, provide the solution they’ve been looking for.

Use tools like Google Console, Keyword Planner, Answer the Public, or Neil Patel’s Ubersuggest to do a Keyword search. They give you useful statistics on what people are looking for and the words they use to look for your product/service. This makes your content more specific and thus attracts the right audience


Good content should keep the audience wanting more. The best movie plots are those in which there is a leveled amount of intrigue. Proof that your content is good is, people, interact with it. This can be through email, social media platforms, reviews, and, testimonials.

Take your audience through every word of your content. Try to be as creative and persuasive as possible. Every copy should communicate the passion you have for what you do.

Keep them updated on your latest projects and sometimes personal life. This will help you create a unique bond with your community.


Content creation can be quite challenging. This is why most companies now invest in audience-focused content. What makes a marketing campaign exceptional isn’t the content. It’s the knowledge you have of your audience. This is what will place you a step ahead of your competition and of course increase your sales.

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4 Common Mistakes E-commerce Websites Make Using JavaScript



4 Common Mistakes E-commerce Websites Make Using JavaScript

The author’s views are entirely his or her own (excluding the unlikely event of hypnosis) and may not always reflect the views of Moz.

Despite the resources they can invest in web development, large e-commerce websites still struggle with SEO-friendly ways of using JavaScript.

And, even when 98% of all websites use JavaScript, it’s still common that Google has problems indexing pages using JavaScript. While it’s okay to use it on your website in general, remember that JavaScript requires extra computing resources to be processed into HTML code understandable by bots.

At the same time, new JavaScript frameworks and technologies are constantly arising. To give your JavaScript pages the best chance of indexing, you’ll need to learn how to optimize it for the sake of your website’s visibility in the SERPs.

Why is unoptimized JavaScript dangerous for your e-commerce?

By leaving JavaScript unoptimized, you risk your content not getting crawled and indexed by Google. And in the e-commerce industry, that translates to losing significant revenue, because products are impossible to find via search engines.

It’s likely that your e-commerce website uses dynamic elements that are pleasant for users, such as product carousels or tabbed product descriptions. This JavaScript-generated content very often is not accessible to bots. Googlebot cannot click or scroll, so it may not access all those dynamic elements.

Consider how many of your e-commerce website users visit the site via mobile devices. JavaScript is slower to load so, the longer it takes to load, the worse your website’s performance and user experience becomes. If Google realizes that it takes too long to load JavaScript resources, it may skip them when rendering your website in the future.

Top 4 JavaScript SEO mistakes on e-commerce websites

Now, let’s look at some top mistakes when using JavaScript for e-commerce, and examples of websites that avoid them.

1. Page navigation relying on JavaScript

Crawlers don’t act the same way users do on a website ‒ they can’t scroll or click to see your products. Bots must follow links throughout your website structure to understand and access all your important pages fully. Otherwise, using only JavaScript-based navigation may make bots see products just on the first page of pagination.

Guilty: uses infinite scrolling to load more products on its category pages. And because of that, Nike risks its loaded content not getting indexed.

For the sake of testing, I entered one of their category pages and scrolled down to choose a product triggered by scrolling. Then, I used the “site:” command to check if the URL is indexed in Google. And as you can see on a screenshot below, this URL is impossible to find on Google:

Of course, Google can still reach your products through sitemaps. However, finding your content in any other way than through links makes it harder for Googlebot to understand your site structure and dependencies between the pages.

To make it even more apparent to you, think about all the products that are visible only when you scroll for them on If there’s no link for bots to follow, they will see only 24 products on a given category page. Of course, for the sake of users, Nike can’t serve all of its products on one viewport. But still, there are better ways of optimizing infinite scrolling to be both comfortable for users and accessible for bots.


Unlike Nike, uses a more SEO-friendly way of serving its content on category pages.

They provide bots with page navigation based on <a href> links to enable crawling and indexing of the next paginated pages. As you can see in the source code below, there’s a link to the second page of pagination included:

Moreover, the paginated navigation may be even more user-friendly than infinite scrolling. The numbered list of category pages may be easier to follow and navigate, especially on large e-commerce websites. Just think how long the viewport would be on if they used infinite scrolling on the page below:

2. Generating links to product carousels with JavaScript

Product carousels with related items are one of the essential e-commerce website features, and they are equally important from both the user and business perspectives. Using them can help businesses increase their revenue as they serve related products that users may be potentially interested in. But if those sections over-rely on JavaScript, they may lead to crawling and indexing issues.


I analyzed one of’s product pages to identify if it includes JavaScript-generated elements. I used the What Would JavaScript Do (WWJD) tool that shows screenshots of what a page looks like with JavaScript enabled and disabled.

Test results clearly show that relies on JavaScript to serve related and recommended product carousels on its website. And from the screenshot below, it’s clear that those sections are invisible with JavaScript disabled:

How may it affect the website’s indexing? When Googlebot lacks resources to render JavaScript-injected links, the product carousels can’t be found and then indexed.

Let’s check if that’s the case here. Again, I used the “site:” command and typed the title of one of’s product carousels:

As you can see, Google couldn’t find that product carousel in its index. And the fact that Google can’t see that element means that accessing additional products will be more complex. Also, if you prevent crawlers from reaching your product carousels, you’ll make it more difficult for them to understand the relationship between your pages.


In the case of’s product page, I used the Quick JavaScript Switcher extension to disable all JavaScript-generated elements. I paid particular attention to the “More to consider” and “Similar items” carousels and how they look with JavaScript enabled and disabled.

As shown below, disabling JavaScript changed the way the product carousels look for users. But has anything changed from the bots’ perspective?

To find out, check what the HTML version of the page looks like for bots by analyzing the cache version.

To check the cache version of’s page above, I typed “cache:…”, which is the URL address of the analyzed page. Also, I took a look at the text-only version of the page.

When scrolling, you’ll see that the links to related products can also be found in its cache. If you see them here, it means bots don’t struggle to find them, either.

However, keep in mind that the links to the exact products you can see in the cache may differ from the ones on the live version of the page. It’s normal for the products in the carousels to rotate, so you don’t need to worry about discrepancies in specific links.

But what exactly does do differently? They take advantage of dynamic rendering. They serve the initial HTML, and the links to products in the carousels as the static HTML bots can process.

However, you must remember that dynamic rendering adds an extra layer of complexity that may quickly get out of hand with a large website. I recently wrote an article about dynamic rendering that’s a must-read if you are considering this solution.

Also, the fact that crawlers can access the product carousels doesn’t guarantee these products will get indexed. However, it will significantly help them flow through the site structure and understand the dependencies between your pages.

3. Blocking important JavaScript files in robots.txt

Blocking JavaScript for crawlers in robots.txt by mistake may lead to severe indexing issues. If Google can’t access and process your important resources, how is it supposed to index your content?


It’s impossible to fully evaluate a website without a proper site crawl. But looking at its robots.txt file can already allow you to identify any critical content that’s blocked.

This is the case with the robots.txt file of As you can see below, they block the /js/ path with the Disallow directive. It makes all internally hosted JavaScript files (or at least the important ones) invisible to all search engine bots.

This disallow directive misuse may result in rendering problems on your entire website.

To check if it applies in this case, I used Google’s Mobile-Friendly Test. This tool can help you navigate rendering issues by giving you insight into the rendered source code and the screenshot of a rendered page on mobile.

I headed to the “More info” section to check if any page resources couldn’t be loaded. Using the example of one of the product pages on, you may see it needs a specific JavaScript file to get fully rendered. Unfortunately, it can’t happen because the whole /js/ folder is blocked in its robots.txt.

But let’s find out if those rendering problems affected the website’s indexing. I used the “site:” command to check if the main content (product description) of the analyzed page is indexed on Google. As you can see, no results were found:

This is an interesting case where Google could reach the website’s main content but didn’t index it. Why? Because blocks its JavaScript, Google can’t properly see the layout of the page. And even though crawlers can access the main content, it’s impossible for them to understand where that content belongs in the page’s layout.

Let’s take a look at the Screenshot tab in the Mobile-Friendly Test. This is how crawlers see the page’s layout when blocks their access to CSS and JavaScript resources. It looks pretty different from what you can see in your browser, right?

The layout is essential for Google to understand the context of your page. If you’d like to know more about this crossroads of web technology and layout, I highly recommend looking into a new field of technical SEO called rendering SEO.

Winner: proves that a well-organized robots.txt file can help you control your website’s crawling. The crucial thing is to use the disallow directive consciously.

Although blocks a single JavaScript file with the Disallow directive /cc.js*, it seems it doesn’t affect the website’s rendering process. The important thing to note here is that they block only a single JavaScript file that doesn’t influence other URL paths on a website. As a result, all other JavaScript and CSS resources they use should remain accessible to crawlers.

Having a large e-commerce website, you may easily lose track of all the added directives. Always include as many path fragments of a URL you want to block from crawling as possible. It will help you avoid blocking some crucial pages by mistake.

4. JavaScript removing main content from a website

If you use unoptimized JavaScript to serve the main content on your website, such as product descriptions, you block crawlers from seeing the most important information on your pages. As a result, your potential customers looking for specific details about your products may not find such content on Google.


Using the Quick JavaScript Switcher extension, you can easily disable all JavaScript-generated elements on a page. That’s what I did in the case of one of’s product pages:

As you can see above, the product description section disappeared with JavaScript disabled. I decided to use the “site:” command to check if Google could index this content. I copied the fragment of the product description I saw on the page with JavaScript enabled. However, Google didn’t show the exact product page I was looking for.

Will users get obsessed with finding that particular product via They may, but they can also head to any other store selling this item instead.

The example of proves that main content depending on JavaScript to load makes it more difficult for crawlers to find and display your valuable information. However, it doesn’t necessarily mean they should eliminate all JavaScript-generated elements on their website.

To fix this problem, Walmart has two solutions:

  1. Implementing dynamic rendering (prerendering) which is, in most cases, the easiest from an implementation standpoint.

  2. Implementing server-side rendering. This is the solution that will solve the problems we are observing at without serving different content to Google and users (as in the case of dynamic rendering). In most cases, server-side rendering also helps with web performance issues on lower-end devices, as all of your JavaScript is being rendered by your servers before it reaches the client’s device.

Let’s have a look at the JavaScript implementation that’s done right.


IKEA proves that you can present your main content in a way that is accessible for bots and interactive for users.

When browsing’s product pages, their product descriptions are served behind clickable panels. When you click on them, they dynamically appear on the right-hand side of the viewport.

Although users need to click to see product details, Ikea also serves that crucial part of its pages even with JavaScript off:

This way of presenting crucial content should make both users and bots happy. From the crawlers’ perspective, serving product descriptions that don’t rely on JavaScript makes them easy to access. Consequently, the content can be found on Google.

Wrapping up

JavaScript doesn’t have to cause issues, if you know how to use it properly. As an absolute must-do, you need to follow the best practices of indexing. It may allow you to avoid basic JavaScript SEO mistakes that can significantly hinder your website’s visibility on Google.

Take care of your indexing pipeline and check if:

  • You allow Google access to your JavaScript resources,

  • Google can access and render your JavaScript-generated content. Focus on the crucial elements of your e-commerce site, such as product carousels or product descriptions,

  • Your content actually gets indexed on Google.

If my article got you interested in JS SEO, find more details in Tomek Rudzki’s article about the 6 steps to diagnose and solve JavaScript SEO issues.

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