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TECHNOLOGY

Cloud-native adoption shifts security responsibilities across teams

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Cloud-native and open-source are booming with IT decision makers (97%) and developers (96%) stating that their organisations plan to expand use over the next 12 months.

With this increase in use comes a greater need for security due to rising compliance regulations and ever-evolving cyberattacks. Both parties stated that they have high confidence in their organisations’ ability to manage security for cloud-based applications, with 97% of IT decision-makers and 96% of developers rating their abilities as strong.

This is according to a study by Styra, the creator and maintainer of Open Policy Agent (OPA) and specialist in cloud-native authorisation. Its ‘2022 Cloud-Native Alignment Report’ explores how in sync, or misaligned, IT decision-makers and developers are when it comes to cloud-native technology use and security during their digital transformation journeys. As organisations increase adoption, the report outlines why developers and IT decision-makers need a unified approach in addressing security and compliance.

Styra surveyed 350 IT decision-makers and 350 developers that work with cloud-native environments to learn how they view their responsibilities when contributing to digital transformations at their organisations. Having a unified approach between IT decision makers and developers during the transition to cloud-native is paramount to making internal processes and innovation more efficient. Styra conducted this survey to see how coordinated the two groups are, and to understand where disconnects create challenges for an organisation’s success.

Even with confidence in an organisation’s security, IT decision makers and developers need to increase alignment on who owns policy, compliance and cloud security responsibilities in order to make operations seamless. Here is where they currently stand:
● Defining policies that control how cloud applications are secured and managed:
○ 21% of developers believe IT Infrastructure and Ops Team teams are responsible
○ 45% of IT leaders believe its the IT Infrastructure and Ops Team
● Proving that applications are compliant internally:
○ 22% of developers believe that IT Infrastructure and Ops teams are responsible
○ 41% of IT decision makers believe that IT Infrastructure and Ops teams are responsible
● Meeting and proving compliance to external auditors:
○ 42% of developers said it is the security teams’ job
○ 25% of IT decision makers believe it is the security team’s job

“With organisations increasing their investment in cloud-native and open-source technologies, it’s important that teams are aligned when it comes to security,” said Tim Hinrichs, co-founder and CTO at Styra. “As the creators of Open Policy Agent and leaders in cloud-native authorisation, we’re seeing firsthand in our community the changing dynamics around security and policy, especially with new trends like ‘shift left,’ ‘everything-as-code’ and ‘DevSecOps.’ While it’s great to see both developers and IT decision-makers aligned around the importance of cloud-native security, they need to start looking at it with a unified approach.”

Additional findings in the “2022 Cloud-Native Alignment Report” include:
● Cloud-native and open-source adoption leads to different challenges:
○ Over the next 12 months, 63% of IT decision makers believe training employees to use cloud-native and open-source tools is the biggest challenge
○ Over the next 12 months, 70% of developers believe onboarding each piece of new technology and phasing out old technology is the biggest challenge
● IT decision makers and developers have different priorities in mind:
○ Developers believe migrating legacy applications to the cloud (67%) and building production, customer-facing cloud applications (66%) should come first
○ IT decision makers slightly differ, believing enhancing data privacy security measures (77%) and then migrating legacy applications to the cloud (59%) should be prioritized
○ Both parties (IT leaders – 57%, developers – 65%) believe building a proof-of-concept application in the cloud should come third

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“These findings prove that IT decision makers and developers need to work together as they take on accelerated adoption of open-source and cloud-native tools,” said Hinrichs. “With Open Policy Agent and policy management systems like Styra DAS, teams can get on the same page and streamline their efforts when it comes to security in cloud-native and open source environments. Doing so now will ensure organisations are setting themselves up for success now and well into the future.”

Want to learn more about cloud and cyber security from industry leaders? Check out Cyber Security & Cloud Expo. The next events in the series will be held in Santa Clara on 11-12 May 2022, Amsterdam on 20-21 September 2022, and London on 1-2 December 2022. 

Explore other upcoming enterprise technology events and webinars powered by TechForge here.

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TECHNOLOGY

The Best Programming Languages for Web Services and Their Advantages In 2022

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The world is becoming more digital, and the need to learn digital skills is higher now than ever before. One such digital skill that has gained more prominence since the last decade is programming languages. We now live in a world revolving around technology, and basic knowledge of programming languages is becoming a necessity for many career options and job profiles. 

There are many reasons to learn about the different programming languages and their advantages, and web services or web development is a big part of it. Web development is an ever-growing field and has plenty of opportunities. To grab these opportunities in web development, you need to equip yourself with the correct programming language.  However, the plethora of language options available to you can be confusing, especially if you are a beginner. 

Javascript

This high-level language, often used by most websites as a client-side language, is a core technology in the World Wide Web. Initially, it was used only for developing web browsers; however, they now have new usages in non-web browser applications and server-side website deployments. 

Since its creation in 1995, it has evolved into one of the world’s most popular programming languages and is highly sought after by various organizations. 

Pros

  • Learning and implementing javascript is easy.
  • It is very popular and is everywhere on the net.
  • It can run immediately in the client-side browser.
  • It doesn’t demand much from the website server. 

Cons

  • Different browsers may interpret it differently sometimes, so writing cross-browser code is difficult.

Python

This is a powerful programming language and is one of the best used in web development for multiple purposes. Furthermore, this open-source language is very easy to learn and deploy and is among the best languages for learning web development since it develops scalable applications and web pages. 

Python has a unique selling point: the simple, productive, and elegant design of this language. It is the best for backend development with first-class integration with other programming languages such as C++ and C. 

Python has numerous usages, especially in developing web and desktop applications and GUI-based applications such as machine learning, data science, and network servers. It also offers multiple toolsets for mathematics, statistics, and computational science with numerous libraries and frameworks like NumPy, Pandas, SciPy, and Scikit-Learn. 

Pros 

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  • It increases the productivity of programmers and developers. 
  • It supports several systems and platforms.
  • It follows object-oriented programming. 
  • It ensures easy scalability, even with complex web applications.
  • Offers numerous support libraries. 
  • It focuses on code readability. 

Cons

  • The database is primitive and slightly underdeveloped.
  • Not ideal for mobile computing.

HTML

HTML stands for HyperText Markup Language. This language is the foundation upon which web development is built, and every developer must familiarize themselves with it. It is a very popular language and is currently one of the most used programming languages. While it cannot be described as a full-fledged programming language, HTML is the standard language for creating web pages. 

HTML gives web pages structure and ensures that images and texts are correctly formatted. In addition, it is a fast language and helps developers design web pages much quickly because it uses templates. 

Pros 

  • Learning and implementing is easy. 
  • It is free and accessible.
  • All browsers support it. 

Cons

  • This language is static, so creating dynamic pages is impossible. 
  • It requires lots of code to develop a simple webpage. 

PHP

This is an ideal language for web development. Even though many other programming languages like python and javascript are also suitable for web development, the need for professional developers who work with PHP remains very high in the market. It is a general-purpose language that can be used for developing server-side applications. In addition, PHP is dynamic and maintained by open-source platforms working across Windows. UNIX, and Mac systems. 

PHP is highly productive in web development and is used vastly within this industry to build and deploy applications quickly. 

Pros

  • It has plenty of frameworks to offer. 
  • It can be used to develop web pages with ease. 
  • It supports object-oriented and functional programming paradigms.
  • It also supports multiple automation tools used for testing and deploying applications.
  • It uses the Xdebug extension, which allows for great debugging. 
  • It has a large ecosystem with incredible community support. 

Cons 

  • It doesn’t have features for handling errors and security. 
  • It is slower to build a web page using this language alone than other programming languages. 

CSS

CSS is similar to HTML because it is also a basic language that all developers should know. CSS is the acronym for Cascading Style Sheets. This language is mainly used along with HTML to govern a web page’s style. Combining CSS and HTML languages is often the mother of programming languages. For example, CSS determines the color, positions, and size of elements within a webpage. 

CSS uses a cascading style, which means an applied style cascades down from the parent to the child throughout the web page. This cascading nature allows it to uphold consistency. 

Pro

  • It is a beginner-friendly language that’s easy to learn.
  • CSS supports responsive website design. 
  • It simplified web page customization
  • It increases the webpage loading speed. 

Cons 

  • It is possible to suffer cross-browser issues.
  • It has multiple levels, such as CSS2 and CSS3, which may lead to confusion.

C++

This middle-level programming language was created in 1980 as an Objective C extension. C++ language is simple and easy to learn for beginners, and it has lots of usefulness. It offers everything that Objective C offers and more. It supports features such as object-oriented programming, except type checking and handling. 

C++ supports OOP concepts such as encapsulation, inheritance, and abstraction. The compiling mechanism is quick and efficient, and it has a massive standard library. 

Pros 

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  • It is highly scalable. 
  • It is portable and easy to handle.
  • It has extensive community support. 

Cons

  • Garbage collection is not automatic.
  • The pointers have associated complexities. 

Conclusion 

There are numerous options for programming languages to learn for web development in 2022. However, you could get spoiled for choice and miss your way if you’re a beginner and new to the web development scene. Therefore, this article discusses some of the best and most popular programming languages you can kick start your web service journey in 2022. 

Author Bio

Eun Rockwell is a professional journalist with extensive experience, four years. She also works as a freelancer and writes a lot of articles. In addition, she has had writing stints at My-assignment.help and Superiorpapers. Eliza is always focused on doing quality work to achieve her goals and objectives. In addition, Eliza is fascinated by creating original works that meet high standards. Feel free to connect with her by email. 

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