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Brazil indigenous influencers take their fight online



Digital indigenous activist Samela Awia, of the Satere Mawe Amazonian tribe, makes a video of herself to post on her social media, at the Terra Livre Indigenous Camp in Brasilia

Digital indigenous activist Samela Awia, of the Satere Mawe Amazonian tribe, makes a video of herself to post on her social media, at the Terra Livre Indigenous Camp in Brasilia – Copyright AFP/File –

Marcelo SILVA, Valeria PACHECO

Clutching an iPhone in each hand, and sporting a feather headdress and traditional indigenous garb, Brazilian influencer Samela Awia, a member of the Amazon rainforest’s Satere-Mawe people, checks out her latest video, then posts it online.

“Good stuff,” says the 25-year-old after uploading the video, a recap of news from a tent city near the seat of government in Brasilia, where she and thousands of other indigenous Brazilians have been camped out since last week protesting far-right President Jair Bolsonaro’s policies.

“Hi, this is Samela, coming to you from the indigenous camp,” she tells her 54,000 followers in the mini-report, decked out in a coconut shell-and-crochet bustier, colorful beads and blue flower armbands.

“Come with me, I’ll show you what’s going on,” says the self-described artisan and digital activist from Manaus, the city known as the “capital of the Amazon.”

The indigenous camp, an annual event, has focused this year on mobilizing public opinion against a series of Bolsonaro initiatives that critics say would be disastrous for native peoples and the environment, including bills that would sharply limit the creation of new indigenous reservations and open existing ones to mining.

But in addition to the camp, young and tech-savvy indigenous influencers are increasingly taking their cause online.

“Indigenous leaders before us had other tools, other weapons to fight. Our generation has a new form of resistance, the internet and social networks, and it’s making a big difference,” Awia told AFP.

– ‘iPhone Indians’ –

Brazil is home to around 900,000 indigenous people.

They make up 0.5 percent of the population, but play an outsize role in protecting the environment: experts say creating and safeguarding indigenous reservations is one of the best ways to preserve the world’s forests, key resources in the race to curb climate change.

Victims of mass killings and horrific abuses throughout the nation’s history, indigenous Brazilians still often face violence, discrimination and rights violations today.

Indigenous influencers see part of their role as combatting the prejudice their people face.

Tukuma Pataxo, 22, recently posted a video taking on a question he says he gets constantly: “Aren’t you too modern to be indigenous?”

“Are we supposed to be stuck in time?” he asks in the accompanying message, hitting out at the derogatory phrase sometimes applied to people like him: “iPhone Indians.”

With 172,000 followers, Pataxo, who comes from the ethnic group of the same name in the northeastern state of Bahia, is a celebrity at the protest camp, where fellow demonstrators constantly stop him and ask to take a picture.

“Young people are super important in the (indigenous) struggle. Our elders started coming to Brasilia years ago as a way to fight for their land. They didn’t even know where they were going or how to get here, but they came,” says Pataxo.

“Now, we have a whole new platform with technology on our side, which lets us bring our fight to the entire world.”

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Elon Musk Outlines Roadmap for ‘Twitter 2.0’ in New Slide Deck



Elon Musk Outlines Roadmap for ‘Twitter 2.0’ in New Slide Deck

Elon Musk has provided some more insight into his evolving plan for Twitter, which will now also see the company embark on a hiring push, after firing 65% of its workforce, in order to get in more development and engineering talent to help realize Musk’s grand vision.

And with that, Musk has put together a new pitch deck, of sorts, which aims to clarify his current plan. Which, as noted, is evolving quickly, so it may end up being totally different, it may be indicative – we don’t know for sure as yet.

But he is slowly clarifying and honing in on specific elements.

Here’s a look at the collection of slides that Musk has put together to present his current strategic outline for the app.

As you can see in this first slide, Musk’s presentation shows that new account sign-ups are at an all-time high, with the chart going back to 2014.

I’m not sure what that means in isolation. Definitely, that could mean that more people are keen to get in on Twitter conversation, and with Facebook getting stale, and Instagram suffering an identity crisis, Twitter is seemingly becoming a more interesting consideration.

But it would also be worth noting where these new sign-ups are coming from. Are these US users, maybe freedom of speech-ers signing up to Elon’s new, more open public square? Are these users in developing markets, as has been Twitter’s predominant growth trend for the past three years, as US usage has stagnated?

Could this be scammers signing up for a lot more accounts very quickly – because in order to qualify for Twitter Blue, and get a blue checkmark, accounts will have to have been active for at least 90 days prior?

It’s a stat, for sure, but without further context, it’s hard to make any conclusion on what it means.

The next chart is User Active Minutes, which is also at an all-time high.

Elon Musk Twitter Plan

That is interesting – based on this chart, divided by the current number of active users, which Musk has also shared, the average Twitter user is now spending 31.5 minutes per day in the app.

Elon Musk Twitter Plan

That’s not radically different than what’s been previously reported, though some reports have suggested Twitter usage has declined significantly in recent times. These numbers actually reinforce that, with Twitter’s session time down in the low teens (seemingly) till 2021, then rising again of late – though I suspect the lower chart is supposed to say ‘November 2022’ at the bottom right.

Basically, the data shows that Twitter is back at its previous usage levels, after losing its way for some time. Which is not surprising given Musk’s capacity to spark controversy and discussion.

There are also some more questionable charts that show a decline in hate speech:

Elon Musk Twitter Plan

Note that the qualifier here is tweets ‘with 1+ slur’ from a curated list, and a ‘Toxicity score’ of 0.91 or higher. This is a little vague and lacks the full context of what this represents.

There’s also this:

Elon Musk Twitter Plan

Which just shows that a lot more people were engaging in impersonation in the app when Twitter started allowing them to buy Blue verification ticks, then, when Twitter pulled the $8 verification plan, fewer impersonations were reported.

Like, yeah, you opened the door for them to scam people with misleading verified accounts, so they took advantage, and now they’re not, because they can’t. At least until Twitter re-launches the $8 verification plan next week.

Musk then also shared this overview of his current roadmap, which is pretty much a re-angling of Twitter’s current features.

Elon Musk Twitter Plan

Advertising as entertainment’ uses an example of an automated sampling script to create a more engaging ad experience (‘like this tweet and I’ll show you which house you belong to based on your tweets’). Not sure if Musk is suggesting that this is something Twitter will be offering as an ad tool, but thus far, these types of activations have been created by brand partners, in collaboration with Twitter. If Twitter does move to make this an actual ad feature, that could be difficult to scale.

Note that Twitter also released Branded Likes, a related ad engagement option, back in June.

The next frame, as you can see, just says video with a randomized example

Not sure exactly what this means, but Musk has flagged allowing longer video clips to be attached to tweets, while he’s also talking about a creator monetization program, which would offer a more beneficial revenue share than YouTube’s 45/55 split.

Musk also points to Twitter’s soon-to-be-launched encrypted DMs, which app researcher Jane Manchun Wong has discovered are being built on the Signal Protocol.

Elon Musk Twitter Plan

Encrypted DMs are fast becoming the standard, with Meta also integrating full encryption across Messenger, Instagram Direct and WhatsApp. That’s raised the hackles of many law enforcement groups, who say that this will offer protection for criminals, but it will also provide more security, and assurance, for general users.

There’s also Longform Tweets, for which Musk has shared a screenshot of Twitter Notes, which has been in development over the past year.

Notes enables you to create posts of up to 2,500 words, which are then natively embedded into the Twitter app for easy sharing.

Then there’s the revamped $8 verification plan, which I’ve shared my thoughts on here.

Elon Musk Twitter Plan

Oh, and payments:

Elon Musk Twitter Plan

No examples here, but based on Musk’s previous statements, it seems like he’s looking to follow the same game plan with payments that various other apps have already tried. You start off by facilitating funds transfers between accounts, enabling fee-free remittance, a key benefit in developing markets. Then, once people are already moving money in the app, you offer more ways to use it, via in-app purchases, bill payments, banking, etc.

This is Musk’s big, overarching plan to make Twitter a more critical app – but as noted, various others have tried, and the regulatory hurdles alone have made it a nightmare to enact.

Maybe Musk will have better luck in moving things forward, but it’s a big challenge, which will take time – which is also why there’s no example image for this as yet.

Of course, the mention of payments will also fire up all the crypto enthusiasts, who view Musk as a key leader in mainstreaming crypto payments. That definitely won’t be happening, but I suspect that this is another reason why Musk has left this slide blank, to offer a glimmer of hope to his fanatical fan base.

Which is what Elon does best. Question his business and intellectual acumen all you want, but he sure does know how to get attention, which is really the most valuable, tangible skill that he brings to any project. He’s a walking PR machine, who’s now been given the keys to his own platform millions of users, and it’s pretty clear that he’s enjoying the attention he now commands as Twitter-in-chief.

The next question then is, how many media tricks does Elon have up his sleeve?

He’s enabling everyone to buy a blue tick, he’s brought back Trump, he’s unbanning a heap of previously banned accounts, all under the guise of facilitating free speech.

Each of these actions has sparked its own media cycle, and brought a heap more attention to Musk and Twitter as a result, but when the stunts run out, what then?

Can Musk keep coming up with more attention-grabbing changes at the app, or will this roadmap actually lead to a more sustainable business, enabling him to stop grabbing headlines, and leave Twitter to its own devices?

In essence, that’s what these usage charts show, that Musk is really good at getting attention.

But it’s what comes after that will make or break the business.

Oh, also, someone has suggested that the tweet character count should be expanded to 420 instead of the current 280. Given Musk’s affinity for this number, that’ll probably happen.

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