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This Supreme Court Case Could Decide The Future Of The Internet As We Know It



This Supreme Court Case Could Decide The Future Of The Internet As We Know It

The Supreme Court will soon hear arguments in a case with major implications for the operation of the internet as we know it. In Gonzalez v. Google, set to be argued Feb. 21, the court will be asked to pass judgment on Section 230 of the Communications Decency Act for the first time.

Since its enactment in 1996, Section 230 has been interpreted by courts to shield online platforms from liability for almost any offense committed by users. This protection for user behavior enabled the growth of the current online ecosystem of search engines, social media sites, blogs, message boards, user-generated encyclopedias and shopping sites. And so it has variously been dubbed the internet’s “Magna Carta,” its “First Amendment” and the “Twenty-Six Words That Created The Internet.”

But Section 230 has also produced negative effects. Online platforms have been used for harassment, death threats, defamation, discrimination, revenge porn, fraudulent product sales, the illegal purchase of weapons and drugs resulting in death, and other illicit behavior. In most cases, platforms have been absolved of any responsibility thanks to Section 230’s protections. Gonzalez v. Google brings the negative effects that come with Section 230 before the court for the first time.

In 2015, Islamic State-linked militants murdered 23-year old American student Nohemi Gonzalez amid a terrorist attack in Paris that left 129 people dead. Gonzalez’s family sued Google for aiding and abetting terrorism under the Anti-Terrorism Act. The family claimed that YouTube’s algorithmic recommendation engine suggested and promoted videos posted by the Islamic State that recruited followers and encouraged violence. At issue in the case is whether or not these algorithms are themselves covered by Section 230’s liability protection.

The U.S. Court of Appeals for the 9th Circuit ruled in 2021 that Google’s YouTube recommendation algorithm is protected by Section 230, but the decision featured notable dissenting opinions.


These dissents joined an increasing range of criticism of Section 230 from women’s rights advocates, antitrust reformers and conservatives. With the issue finally before the Supreme Court, these challengers ask the justices to consider whether the internet has changed so much in the past 30 years that it’s time to reconsider the law that made it what it is today.

From The Wolf Of Wall Street To Oklahoma City

Section 230 emerged from very specific circumstances that arose during the early public adoption of the internet in the 1990s. It started with two court cases that created perverse incentives that could doom the nascent technology.

In 1991, the online service CompuServe was sued for defamation over user posts made on a message board it hosted. A court in New York found CompuServe not liable as a publisher because it did not edit, moderate or review any content posted on the bulletin boards it operated.

Four years later, Stratton Oakmont, the brokerage firm whose founder Jordan Belfort was immortalized in Martin Scorsese’s movie “The Wolf of Wall Street,” sued the internet service provider Prodigy over alleged defamatory posts made on one of its message boards. Unlike CompuServe, Prodigy engaged in content moderation in order to remove profanity and pornography. A New York state court found Prodigy liable for defamation posted by its users because it proactively removed objectionable content.

These two cases set off alarm bells for the burgeoning online industry. It looked like companies would be punished for good behavior and protected for giving free rein to bad behavior.

The 1990s message board provider CompuServe was involved in one of the early online defamation cases that gave rise to Section 230.

Patrick Durand via Getty Images

Then-Rep. Chris Cox, a California Republican, thought the same thing when reading about the cases in the paper. And so he teamed up with Rep. Ron Wyden, who is now a Democratic senator from Oregon, to do something about it. The law they wrote became Section 230 of the Communications Decency Act of 1996.

The law, named the Good Samaritan Act, gave internet content service providers liability protection when they acted to remove objectionable content. This meant that online sites would not be penalized in court as publishers of user content as Prodigy was for engaging in content moderation. It features two key passages.

“No provider or user of an interactive computer service shall be treated as the publisher or speaker of any information provided by another information content provider,” the first passage states. These are the aforementioned 26 words that “created the internet.”

The other key passage states that online content providers are immune from liability for “any action voluntarily taken in good faith to restrict access to or availability of material that the provider or user considers to be obscene, lewd, lascivious, filthy, excessively violent, harassing, or otherwise objectionable, whether or not such material is constitutionally protected” or “any action taken to enable or make available to information content providers or others the technical means to restrict access to” such material. This provides the Good Samaritan protection for content moderation.

The new law was quickly tested in the courts. The first such case emerged in the wake of the Oklahoma City bombing when an anonymous AOL user posted an offer to sell pro-Timothy McVeigh bumper stickers, and attached the name and address of one Ken Zeran. Zeran, who was not behind the bumper stickers, received a torrent of death threats and abuse. He asked AOL to take down the messages, and the company did, but they kept reappearing. Zeran ultimately sued AOL for negligence for failing to keep the messages off of the platform.


In 1998, the 4th Circuit U.S. Court of Appeals ruled that Section 230 protected AOL from claims of negligence, or any other possible criminal liability, whether as a publisher or as a distributor, because the law “creates a federal immunity to any cause of action that would make service providers liable for information originating with a third-party user of the service.”

Ever since the Zeran decision, federal and state courts have applied this near-blanket “federal immunity” to protect digital platforms from liability for user-generated content. This new exemption from secondary liability encouraged the nascent tech industry to move away from content generation and toward the creation of user-generated platforms. The companies that emerged from this change in liability law like Amazon, Google and Facebook are today among the highest-capitalized companies in the world.

Are Recommendations The Same As Publishing?

As the tech industry emerged from its position as an upstart into the home of the most valuable companies in the world, the perverse consequences of Zeran’s broad grant of Section 230 immunity came more and more into focus.

For social media platforms in particular, this included the understanding that their owners prioritized the maximization of the time users spent on their site in order to increase ad revenue. Platforms built recommendation algorithms that prioritized keeping eyeballs engaged. They also built targeted advertising systems and algorithms for one class of user — advertisers — to connect with another.

In the race to monopolize user attention, social media companies built their platforms and the algorithms that unearthed engaging content in order to hook their users. One of the most read books by Silicon Valley executives as this attention economy emerged was called “Hooked: How to Build Habit-Forming Products.” In this push for money and power, these companies wound up hosting and promoting to their users content from all kinds of sources, including terrorists, racist extremists, misogynists and many others who ultimately became linked to bombings, murders and mass shootings.


“In my view, these types of targeted recommendations and affirmative promotion of connections and interactions among otherwise independent users are well outside the scope of traditional publication.”

– Judge Marsha Berzon, 9th U.S. Circuit Court of Appeals

Section 230 had long been cited in lower courts as providing liability protection in almost every case of platform-hosted user-generated content. Would it apply when that user-generated content was recommended by an algorithm or other system created by the platform itself? A few key lower court cases precede Google v. Gonzalez in addressing this question.

In a nearly identical case, Force v. Facebook, U.S. victims of terrorist attacks in Israel and their families sued the social media company alleging it aided and abetted terrorism under the Anti-Terrorism Act by hosting and promoting content from the group Hamas through its recommendation algorithms.

On appeal, the 2nd Circuit U.S. Court of Appeals ruled in favor of Facebook by holding that the use of neutral algorithms to suggest or recommend content was the action of a publisher, which Section 230 protects from liability.

“Arranging and distributing third-party information inherently forms ‘connections’ and ‘matches’ among speakers, content, and viewers of content, whether in interactive internet forums or in more traditional media. That is an essential result of publishing,” the court’s majority opinion stated.

Many online platforms do not use as sophisticated recommendation systems as Facebook or YouTube do, and they too won protection from liability under Section 230.


In Dyroff v. Ultimate Software Group, the mother of Wesley Greer sued Ultimate Software Group after Greer purchased fentanyl-tainted heroin from a drug dealer through the company’s website The Experience Project. That site allowed users to post questions or comments and then suggested connections that would appeal to them. It also alerted them when other users responded. In Greer’s case, he asked where he could find heroin near him. The site then emailed him when another user responded with an offer to sell him drugs.

The 9th Circuit ultimately ruled that the site’s “recommendation and notification functions … did not materially contribute … to the alleged unlawfulness of the content” and were “neutral,” making them just another function of publishing.

‘Proactively Creating Networks’

While these rulings uphold the long-standing lower court consensus on Section 230, a number of notable dissents have emerged along with them.

In the Force v. Facebook case, 2nd Circuit Chief Judge Robert Katzmann, a Bill Clinton appointee who died in 2021, issued a partial concurrence and dissent arguing that Section 230 should not be read to cover the recommendation algorithms created by social media sites.

“Through its use of friend, group, and event suggestions, Facebook is doing more than just publishing content: it is proactively creating networks of people,” Katzmann wrote. “Its algorithms forge real-world (if digital) connections through friend and group suggestions, and they attempt to create similar connections in the physical world through event suggestions.”


By “proactively creating networks of people” through friend, group and interest suggestions, Facebook, Katzmann argued, produces a “cumulative effect” that is “greater than the sum of each suggestion.” These suggestions have the potential to immerse a user “in an entire universe filled with people, ideas, and events she may never have discovered on her own.”

People gather at a makeshift memorial near the Bataclan concert hall in Paris on Nov. 15, 2015, two days after a series of deadly attacks by Islamic State militants where American citizens including Nohemi Gonzalez were killed. Gonzalez's family is suing Google for aiding ISIS by distributing its videos over YouTube.
People gather at a makeshift memorial near the Bataclan concert hall in Paris on Nov. 15, 2015, two days after a series of deadly attacks by Islamic State militants where American citizens including Nohemi Gonzalez were killed. Gonzalez’s family is suing Google for aiding ISIS by distributing its videos over YouTube.

MIGUEL MEDINA via Getty Images

“It strains the English language to say that in targeting and recommending these writings to users — and thereby forging connections, developing new social networks — Facebook is acting as ‘the publisher of … information provided by another information content provider,’” he continued.

Judges on the 9th Circuit echoed Katzmann’s arguments in a concurrence and a partial dissent when they heard Gonzalez.

In joining “the growing chorus of voices calling for a more limited reading of the scope of Section 230 immunity,” Judge Marsha Berzon, a Clinton appointee, wrote in a concurrence that she would find that “the term ‘publisher’ under section 230” does not cover “activities that promote or recommend content or connect content users to each other.”

“In my view, these types of targeted recommendations and affirmative promotion of connections and interactions among otherwise independent users are well outside the scope of traditional publication,” she added.

In a separate concurrence and partial dissent, Judge Ronald Gould, a Clinton appointee, agreed that Section 230 protects Google from liability for posts published by ISIS members on YouTube, but not for any activity that “goes beyond merely publishing the post” like “amplifying” dangerous content such as terrorism recruitment videos.


The plaintiffs in Gonzalez point to these dissents to argue that Section 230 protection should not extended to cover these recommendation systems. This wouldn’t necessarily lead to Google being found in violation of the Anti-Terrorism Act, but it would enable a court challenge to proceed.

Friend-of-the-court briefs similarly argue that the Supreme Court could limit Section 230 immunity in a variety of ways. The court could find that certain acts of curation and recommendation are not acts of publishing. It could rule that Section 230 protects online companies as “publishers,” but not as “distributors” of third-party content. Or it could require companies to act as good Samaritans, as suggested by the law’s original title, and eliminate harmful conduct or protect users from it on their platforms when they are made aware of it.

At The Supreme Court

Since the Supreme Court has not heard a Section 230 case before, the justices have had little to say about it. The only exception is Justice Clarence Thomas, who in 2020 noted his dissatisfaction with lower courts’ interpretation of Section 230.

Noting that “most of today’s major Internet platforms did not exist” when Section 230 was enacted, Thomas said it “behooves” the court to take up a case challenging the law to judge whether lower courts have extended the protection from liability suits too far.

“Adopting the too-common practice of reading extra immunity into statutes where it does not belong, courts have relied on policy and purpose arguments to grant sweeping protection to Internet platforms,” Thomas wrote in dissent from a decision to turn down a case.


No other justice has stated an opinion on Section 230. There is also no way to divine their potential opinions based on which party’s president appointed them or their identification as conservative or liberal. Thomas, a George H.W. Bush appointee, is the most conservative justice on the court, while the three dissenting lower court judges were all liberals appointed by Clinton. Thomas’ call for the court to hear a Section 230 case also came amid rising skepticism toward Section 230 from members of both political parties.

Democrats in Congress introduced legislation to limit Section 230 liability protections for online advertisements and certain health information, and for online platforms that enable discrimination, stalking, harassment, genocide or wrongful death. Meanwhile, Republicans seek to amend Section 230 by having its liability protections kick in only when companies do not censor or otherwise moderate political opinions.

Gonzalez may very well be the beginning of a new legal landscape for the internet. The Supreme Court is currently weighing whether to take up arguments in two cases challenging laws passed by Republicans in Florida and Texas that would ban digital platforms from moderating content based on political ideology. In a hint that they might take the cases, the court asked the Biden administration to submit a brief in the Florida case on Jan. 23.

Changes to the internet’s “Magna Carta,” however well-meaning, may result in unwanted consequences. After a court found that Section 230 provided liability protection to the sex-worker website for connecting users with underage sex workers, Congress passed a law denying Section 230 protection to platforms engaged in sex-trafficking. This resulted in the shuttering of sites where sex workers consensually offered their services and Craigslist removing its entire personal ads section.

Just as Section 230 was enacted in response to the “perverse incentives” created by the Stratton Oakmont decision, and its passage created its own incentives protecting the internet’s negative externalities, so too could any change dictated by the court.

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Catering to specific audience boosts your business, says accountant turned coach



Catering to specific audience boosts your business, says accountant turned coach

While it is tempting to try to appeal to a broad audience, the founder of alcohol-free coaching service Just the Tonic, Sandra Parker, believes the best thing you can do for your business is focus on your niche. Here’s how she did just that.

When running a business, reaching out to as many clients as possible can be tempting. But it also risks making your marketing “too generic,” warns Sandra Parker, the founder of Just The Tonic Coaching.

“From the very start of my business, I knew exactly who I could help and who I couldn’t,” Parker told My Biggest Lessons.

Parker struggled with alcohol dependence as a young professional. Today, her business targets high-achieving individuals who face challenges similar to those she had early in her career.

“I understand their frustrations, I understand their fears, and I understand their coping mechanisms and the stories they’re telling themselves,” Parker said. “Because of that, I’m able to market very effectively, to speak in a language that they understand, and am able to reach them.” 


“I believe that it’s really important that you know exactly who your customer or your client is, and you target them, and you resist the temptation to make your marketing too generic to try and reach everyone,” she explained.

“If you speak specifically to your target clients, you will reach them, and I believe that’s the way that you’re going to be more successful.

Watch the video for more of Sandra Parker’s biggest lessons.

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Instagram Tests Live-Stream Games to Enhance Engagement



Instagram Tests Live-Stream Games to Enhance Engagement

Instagram’s testing out some new options to help spice up your live-streams in the app, with some live broadcasters now able to select a game that they can play with viewers in-stream.

As you can see in these example screens, posted by Ahmed Ghanem, some creators now have the option to play either “This or That”, a question and answer prompt that you can share with your viewers, or “Trivia”, to generate more engagement within your IG live-streams.

That could be a simple way to spark more conversation and interaction, which could then lead into further engagement opportunities from your live audience.

Meta’s been exploring more ways to make live-streaming a bigger consideration for IG creators, with a view to live-streams potentially catching on with more users.

That includes the gradual expansion of its “Stars” live-stream donation program, giving more creators in more regions a means to accept donations from live-stream viewers, while back in December, Instagram also added some new options to make it easier to go live using third-party tools via desktop PCs.


Live streaming has been a major shift in China, where shopping live-streams, in particular, have led to massive opportunities for streaming platforms. They haven’t caught on in the same way in Western regions, but as TikTok and YouTube look to push live-stream adoption, there is still a chance that they will become a much bigger element in future.

Which is why IG is also trying to stay in touch, and add more ways for its creators to engage via streams. Live-stream games is another element within this, which could make this a better community-building, and potentially sales-driving option.

We’ve asked Instagram for more information on this test, and we’ll update this post if/when we hear back.

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Navigating the Art of Funnel Building: Essential Strategies for Market



Navigating the Art of Funnel Building: Essential Strategies for Market

Table of Contents

Back in college, I majored in advertising. 

In the advertising classes, we would dig into the world’s best ads, uncovering not just their brilliance but also the frameworks that made them stand out.

From Nike’s “Just Do It” campaigns over the years to Ogilvy’s renowned ad copies, we dissected the finest in the industry.

From the very first day of those ad classes, two acronyms stuck with me: AIDA and KISS.

Navigating the Art of Funnel Building: Essential Strategies for Marketers

These phrases were more than mere marketing jargon; they held the essence of impactful ad creation. 

Fast forward to the present, and these fundamental principles remain at the forefront of shaping successful sales and marketing funnels.

Marketing funnels are like the GPS of your customer’s journey with your brand. 

They map out how people go from just stumbling upon your brand to hitting that “Buy Now” button. Knowing this journey sheds light on why some customers dive in and others just window-shop.

What Is the Difference Between Good and the Best?

Building a Genuine Connection.

Getting a grip on how and when customers mingle with your brand is key. It helps you lock in their needs, serve up the right info, and nudge them towards making a decision.


This blog will answer all of your questions about marketing funnels, such as:

  • Why do you need a marketing funnel?

  • How can you build your own marketing funnel?

  • What do you need to know before you start?

  • Is a sales funnel only limited to marketing?

More importantly, you’ll learn how to build a marketing funnel that connects you with your customers at a human level.

Introduction to Funnel Building for Marketers

How many times have you come across a product that you want to buy and even add it to your cart, but don’t end up buying it?

Navigating the Art of Funnel Building: Essential Strategies for Marketers

Well, let’s take a look at what it looks like from the perspective of a marketer.

What Is a Marketing Funnel?

A sales funnel commences with a broad group of potential buyers, gradually narrowing down based on specific criteria until it reaches a smaller pool of prospects. 


As the customer journey progresses, the number of prospects diminishes further, eventually leading to a handful of opportunities. Ultimately, the sales process concludes with either a closed-won or closed-lost deal.

Throughout each phase of an individual deal within the sales funnel, the likelihood of closing the sale fluctuates. 

Advancing along the funnel involves increased information exchange, emphasizing the benefits of utilizing the product for the customer. 

The journey from loyalty to advocacy is what truly shows how much people love your product/service/brand. Advocates are not just satisfied; they’re enthusiastic about your brand and actively promote it. 

You know the way Apple fans get excited when it’s time for an Apple event? Yep, same.

Navigating the Art of Funnel Building: Essential Strategies for Marketers

Importance of Building a Robust Marketing Funnel

How do you ensure that your target audience will turn into paying customers and start talking about your brand with their friends and family?


The “1,000 True Fans” concept, popularized by Kevin Kelly, suggests that to have a sustainable career or business, creators don’t necessarily need millions of customers or followers. 

Instead, they need a dedicated fan base of around 1,000 true fans who are deeply invested in their work.

This concept relates to building a marketing funnel in several ways:

The focus shifts from acquiring a massive audience to nurturing a smaller, loyal customer base. In a marketing funnel, the emphasis is not solely on reaching a vast number of prospects but on engaging and converting those genuinely interested in your brand or product.

The 1,000 True Fans concept stresses the significance of engaging directly with devoted followers. Similarly, in a marketing funnel, nurturing leads involves establishing trust, understanding customer needs, and providing value throughout the buyer’s journey.

Focusing on a loyal customer base will result in higher customer lifetime value, as these customers tend to make repeated purchases and advocate for the brand – exactly what we want.


Personalization and Tailoring

Understanding the unique needs and preferences of these dedicated fans or potential customers allows creators or businesses to tailor their offerings or marketing messages to resonate deeply with them.

The Basics of Funnel Building

Alright, we now know why having a marketing funnel in place is important and some factors you should consider when planning a strategy, but we can’t forget the basics.

Here’s what you should do first:

Establish precise goals for your funnel—whether it’s generating leads, increasing sales, or nurturing customer loyalty. Having specific aims guides your funnel-building efforts.


Understand the Customer Journey.

Map out the stages your customers typically go through before making a purchase. Analyze touchpoints and interactions to comprehend their decision-making process.

Craft Compelling Content.

It goes without saying – you need to tailor content for each stage of the funnel. Use engaging and informative materials to capture attention at the awareness stage and provide detailed information as potential customers move closer to a decision. 

How To Plan Your Content Strategy for Different Stages of a Marketing Funnel:

Navigating the Art of Funnel Building: Essential Strategies for Marketers

Focus on creating captivating content—blog posts, videos, or infographics—to attract attention.

Use social media advertising or SEO strategies to widen your reach and draw potential customers.


Offer comparative content like product guides or case studies to help prospects evaluate options.

Implement email campaigns with targeted messages addressing specific pain points.

Provide incentives such as limited-time offers or free trials to encourage purchase decisions.

Create persuasive landing pages and streamline the buying process for a seamless experience.

Maintain engagement with personalized follow-ups, loyalty programs, and exclusive offers.

Seek feedback and actively address concerns to enhance customer satisfaction and loyalty. 


The goal is to consistently remain forefront in customers’ minds, nurturing loyalty and encouraging advocacy, thereby ensuring that your brand is the immediate and preferred choice whenever they consider related products or services.

Understanding Your Target Audience

How will you create content for your target audience if you don’t know them very well?

You need to know your people before you conclude what they’re going to like and eventually buy.

Here’s how to find and understand your target audience:

Conduct Thorough Research.


Gather demographic data, run surveys, and leverage analytics tools to grasp your audience’s preferences, challenges, and behavior. You can also check out creators/businesses in your niche to understand what your customer base will look like.

Craft detailed profiles representing different segments of your audience. These aid in tailoring content and messaging for specific groups.

Personalize Communication.

Navigating the Art of Funnel Building: Essential Strategies for Marketers

Utilize segmentation to personalize emails, ads, and offers based on individual preferences, interactions, and buying history. 

Conduct Continuous Analysis and Optimization.

Scrutinize customer data, track metrics, and employ A/B testing to refine strategies in line with your audience’s evolving needs and behaviors.

And remember, building a connection with your audience is important. They need to know your brand’s story, why you are building what you’re building, and why they should buy it from you.


Top Strategies for Funnel Optimization

Three ways you can look to optimize your marketing funnel:

Focus on Data-Driven Analysis.

Numbers never lie. Regularly analyze metrics at each funnel stage to identify bottlenecks or drop-off points. Tools like Google Analytics or CRM platforms provide insights into user behavior.

Optimize Conversion Points.

The end goal for most strategies is to drive conversions. A/B test elements such as CTAs, headlines, and forms to enhance conversion rates. Experiment with different layouts, colors, or copy to find what resonates best.

Navigating the Art of Funnel Building: Essential Strategies for Marketers

Streamline the User Experience.

A great design doesn’t go unnoticed. Ensure a smooth and intuitive journey through your funnel. Simplify navigation, reduce form fields, and optimize for mobile to minimize friction in the conversion process.

Creating Effective Landing Pages

When targeting a particular audience, it’s crucial that your landing page design resonates with them, evoking a sense of “This is exactly what I’ve been searching for.” 

Consider these key aspects when structuring your landing page:

Compelling Headlines and CTAs

Craft attention-grabbing headlines that clearly convey your offer’s value. Ensure that your call-to-action (CTA) stands out and prompts immediate action.


Clear and Concise Content

Keep messaging simple and focused. Highlight benefits and use visuals to reinforce key points. Avoid clutter and make information easily scannable.

Social Proof and Trust Indicators

Incorporate testimonials, reviews, or trust badges to build credibility. Showcasing social proof increases visitor trust and encourages conversions.

The one main difference between a homepage and a landing page is that a landing page focuses on only one goal. Concentrating on a singular objective, whether it’s encouraging a purchase, capturing leads, or promoting a specific offer, a landing page eliminates distractions and guides visitors with precision.

Learn more about landing pages:


Matt McGarry’s Growletter checks all of these boxes!

Compelling headline and CTA ☑️

Navigating the Art of Funnel Building: Essential Strategies for Marketers
Navigating the Art of Funnel Building: Essential Strategies for Marketers
Navigating the Art of Funnel Building: Essential Strategies for Marketers
Navigating the Art of Funnel Building: Essential Strategies for Marketers

Leveraging Email Marketing for Funnel Nurturing

Email marketing stands as a cornerstone in building a funnel primarily because it grants ownership of your email list. 

Unlike social media platforms, which constantly shift due to evolving algorithms and content formats, email marketing provides a direct and consistent channel of communication between you and your audience.

Here’s how you can harness email marketing to nurture your marketing funnel:


Segmentation and Personalization

Divide your email list into segments based on behavior, preferences, or demographics. Personalize content to cater to each segment’s interests for higher engagement.

Drip Campaigns and Automation

Set up automated drip campaigns to nurture leads at different funnel stages. Deliver targeted content or offers based on user interactions or time intervals.

Engaging Content and CTAs

Design engaging email content with clear and compelling CTAs. Use storytelling, visuals, and interactive elements to drive recipients toward desired actions.


Essential Tools for Funnel Building

Whether it’s social media platforms, email services, CRM software, or analytical tools, constructing a highly efficient marketing funnel requires a variety of resources. 

(Hint: beehiiv can support you with most of the tools you would need to build a marketing funnel – sign-up forms, polls, analytics, custom landing pages, and much more..)

Here are some of the key essential tools necessary for constructing your marketing funnel:

CRM Software for Funnel Management

Navigating the Art of Funnel Building: Essential Strategies for Marketers

Salesforce offers a robust CRM system for managing leads, prospects, and customer interactions. It enables personalized communication, tracks sales opportunities, and streamlines customer data management.

HubSpot’s CRM provides a user-friendly interface for organizing contacts, automating tasks, and tracking interactions. It integrates with marketing tools for a seamless sales and marketing alignment.


Zoho CRM allows for lead and contact management, pipeline tracking, and sales forecasting. It offers workflow automation, enabling efficient customer engagement across different funnel stages.

Analytics Tools for Tracking Funnel Performance

Navigating the Art of Funnel Building: Essential Strategies for Marketers

Google Analytics offers comprehensive website analytics, tracking user behavior, traffic sources, and conversion data. It provides insights into how visitors navigate through the funnel stages.

beehiiv’s 3D analytics help you track customer journeys, understand audience demographics, see the sources where the traffic is coming from, and even design your own UTM trackers.

Mixpanel enables in-depth analysis of user interactions within the funnel. It provides cohort analysis, funnel visualization, and A/B testing capabilities for optimizing conversions.

Common Funnel Building Mistakes To Avoid

You know most of the things you should be doing to build a marketing funnel, these are the three common mistakes you want to avoid while you’re at it:


Ignoring Mobile Users

Neglecting mobile optimization within your funnel can be detrimental. With a significant portion of users accessing content via mobile devices, failure to ensure a seamless mobile experience can lead to missed conversions. 

Navigating the Art of Funnel Building: Essential Strategies for Marketers

Streamline load times specifically for mobile users, preventing bounce rates triggered by sluggish page loading, thereby fostering a swift and engaging user journey.

Clear Call-to-Actions (CTAs)

Enrich user engagement by prominently placing and optimizing CTAs for effortless interaction on smaller screens, ensuring a frictionless pathway to action.

Neglecting Retargeting Opportunities

Overlooking retargeting as a strategy within the funnel could mean missing out on opportunities to re-engage interested prospects. 


Install Retargeting Pixels.

Install retargeting pixels on your website to track user behavior and serve targeted ads to those who’ve shown interest.

Navigating the Art of Funnel Building: Essential Strategies for Marketers

Tailor retargeting content based on previous interactions to rekindle interest and encourage conversion.

Utilize Diverse Channels.

Utilize multiple channels like social media, email, and display ads for retargeting to cover a broader audience.

Skipping Personalization Across Funnel Stages

While building a marketing funnel, steering clear of certain mistakes ensures a seamless and personalized user experience, enhancing engagement and conversions. 


Implement Segmentation Strategies.

Divide your audience into segments to tailor content and messages, increasing relevance and engagement with specific audience interests. Learn more about segmentation here: 

Craft Dynamic User Journeys.

Create adaptive paths based on user interactions, ensuring tailored experiences that resonate with individual behaviors and preferences throughout the funnel.

Utilize Behavioral Triggers.


Leverage user behavior as triggers for targeted content or offers, ensuring the delivery of relevant and personalized content aligned with individual preferences, thereby nurturing better engagement and conversion rates.

Why Trust Me: I have been a writer for 6 years and part of the beehiiv content team for a year now. This has given me a deep understanding of email marketing and how it can be optimized.

Funnel Building for Different Marketing Channels

Email marketing > social media marketing (there, I said it).

But that doesn’t mean you can’t have a balance of both or not leverage other marketing channels except for email marketing.

Building a Social Media Marketing Funnel


Craft a social media funnel by:

Identify and target specific demographics or interests within social platforms. Leveraging Twitter Spaces, Instagram Lives, and Discord communities can be of help!

Develop funnels that lead users from awareness through engagement and conversion. Offer high-value content for free that people won’t find otherwise.

Create content that resonates with each funnel stage, from captivating posts to conversion-focused ads. You know the drill – double down on what’s working and iterate on what’s not.

Creating an Effective Content Marketing Funnel

Customize content meticulously, aligning it precisely with the distinct stages of the funnel, catering to varying user needs and intents at each phase.


Craft nurturing workflows that guide leads from awareness to conversion through relevant content, leveraging highly relevant and purpose-driven content strategies. Here’s a guide on building nurture sequences.

Adapting to Changes in Consumer Behavior

Curate seamless and unified experiences across diverse touchpoints throughout a customer’s journey, ensuring consistency and excellence at every interaction.

Privacy-Centric Strategies

Pivot towards ethical data-handling practices and foster transparent communication, placing privacy at the forefront of your customer interactions and building trust and credibility.

Navigating the Art of Funnel Building: Essential Strategies for Marketers

Catch Up With What’s New

We all have seen the growth of short-form video content over the past two years. There’s no denying that keeping up with changing consumer behavior is what will help you stay on top of your game.


Conclusion: Mastering Funnel Building for Marketing Success

This guide will help you plan, build, and analyze your marketing funnel and help ensure that you make the most of this marketing strategy!

Key Takeaways:

Understanding Diverse Audiences

Tailor funnels to cater to varying customer needs at every stage.

Create seamless experiences that guide prospects toward conversions.


Leverage analytics to refine strategies and enhance funnel performance.

Next Steps: Implementing Funnel Building Strategies

Apply learned insights to fine-tune existing funnels and adapt to market shifts.

Experimentation & Optimization

Embrace a culture of continuous improvement to refine strategies.

Explore new tools and innovations to elevate funnel effectiveness.

Navigating the Art of Funnel Building: Essential Strategies for Marketers

You can integrate your social media strategy with a newsletter platform like beehiiv. 

This can help you build an email list, build a custom landing page for your product, have access to deep insights and campaign performances, and really so much more!

Navigating the Art of Funnel Building Essential Strategies for Market

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